The Role of Bowel Management in Children with Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction

Pediatric Voiding Dysfunction (Douglas Clayton and John Thomas, Section Editors)
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  1. Topical Collection on Pediatric Voiding Dysfunction

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Bladder and bowel dysfunction is a common pediatric disorder that involves lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) as well as constipation and/or encopresis. Effective treatment of constipation in these patients leads to resolution or improvement of urinary symptoms in the majority of cases. Because many of these children initially present to the urologist with the primary complaint of LUTS, it is important for the consulting specialist to be well-versed on the topic of constipation. This review aims to provide an evidence-based guide on the evaluation and management of constipation in children.

Recent Findings

Recent papers have improved our knowledge on the utilization of interventions such as antegrade continence enemas and sacral nerve stimulation for more recalcitrant cases of constipation. Although there have been limited advancements in the use of pharmacologic therapies for the treatment of constipation in children, it is hoped that newer therapeutic agents proven effective for adult constipation will gain pediatric use over time.

Summary

Present therapy for constipation in BBD is effective for the majority of patients. There is promise for further improvement in treatment options in the near future.

Keywords

Constipation BBD Lower urinary tract symptoms Dysfunctional elimination syndrome Children Treatment 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Drs Bernal, Dole, and Thame have no financial relationships relevant to this article to report.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christiana J. Bernal
    • 1
  • Michael Dole
    • 1
  • Kirk Thame
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and NutritionVanderbilt University Medical CenterNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and NutritionMonroe Carell Jr. Children’s Hospital at VanderbiltNashvilleUSA

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