Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction in Patients with Neurogenic Bladder
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Patients with primary neurologic conditions often experience urinary and bowel dysfunction due to loss of sensory and/or motor control. Neurogenic bowel dysfunction is frequently characterized by both constipation and fecal incontinence. In general, the management of neurogenic bowel dysfunction has been less well studied than bladder dysfunction despite their close association. It is widely accepted that establishment of a multifaceted bowel regimen is the cornerstone of conservative management. Continuing assessment is necessary to determine the need for more invasive interventions. In the clinical setting, the Urologist may be the principle provider addressing bowel concerns in addition to bladder dysfunction, and furthermore, treatment of one often impacts the other. Future directions should include development of follow-up and management guidelines that address the comprehensive care of this patient population.
KeywordsNeurogenic bowel Neurogenic bladder Constipation Fecal Incontinence Spinal cord injury Spinal dysraphism Myelomeningiocele Multiple sclerosis
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Conflict of Interests
Drs Martinez, Neshatian and Khavari declare no conflicts of interest.
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This article does not contain studies with human or animal subjects performed by the author.
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