Evaluation and Management of Urinary Retention and Voiding Dysfunction After Sling Surgery for Female Stress Urinary Incontinence
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Female urethral sling surgery is the most common procedure performed to treat stress urinary incontinence with cure rates in excess of 85 %. In a small minority of patients however, postoperative voiding dysfunction develops, in the form of: urinary retention; high post-void residual; poor urinary flow; urinary frequency; urinary urgency; urinary urge incontinence; or pelvic pain. This article reviews the occurrence of voiding dysfunction after sling surgery and outlines the current evaluation and management of patients with these complaints.