Functional Outcomes for Incontinence and Prolapse Surgery
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- Segal, S., Arya, L.A. & Smith, A.L. Curr Bladder Dysfunct Rep (2012) 7: 179. doi:10.1007/s11884-012-0136-9
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The majority of women with pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence report more than one symptom that affects urinary, bowel, or sexual function. Most research studies on outcomes following surgery for pelvic organ prolapse and stress incontinence focus on anatomic outcomes and relief of symptoms specific to prolapse and/or stress incontinence. Pelvic symptoms related to voiding function such as de novo urgency or incontinence, bowel function, and sexual function are clinically important outcomes but are infrequently reported. Deterioration of pelvic symptoms postoperatively is associated with decreased patient satisfaction, which underscores the importance of effectively assessing functional and anatomic treatment outcomes. Future studies of reconstructive pelvic surgery should routinely include multiple domain functional outcomes specifically addressing voiding, defecatory, and sexual function.