Stroke Risk and Vascular Dementia in South Asians

  • Vineeta SinghEmail author
  • Mandip S. Dhamoon
  • Suvarna Alladi
Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke (S. Prabhakaran, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke


Purpose of Review

South Asians (SA) are at a higher risk for stroke and vascular dementia due to the disproportionate burden of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. This review summarizes the rationale for screening, early detection, and aggressive control of metabolic factors, and critically examines the published literature on primary and secondary stroke prevention.

Recent Findings

South Asians have a higher prevalence of diabetes than non-SA. SA with diabetes are at a higher risk of recurrent ischemic stroke and have a higher incidence of stroke-related dementia compared to non-South Asians.


South Asians are one of the fastest-growing ethnic groups worldwide with an unusually increased risk of heart disease and stroke. An accurate assessment of those at risk of stroke and cognitive impairment is urgently needed to plan preventive strategies.


Stroke Dementia Race and ethnicity South Asians Special populations 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Vineeta Singh, Mandip S Dhamoon, and Suvarna Alladi declare no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •• Of major Importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vineeta Singh
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mandip S. Dhamoon
    • 3
  • Suvarna Alladi
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.San Francisco General HospitalUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeurologyIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of NeurologyNational Institute for Mental Health and NeurosciencesBangaloreIndia

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