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Lipid Lowering with Soluble Dietary Fiber

  • Prasanth Surampudi
  • Byambaa Enkhmaa
  • Erdembileg Anuurad
  • Lars Berglund
Nutrition (A. Garg, Section Editor)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Nutrition

Abstract

Consumption of dietary soluble fibers has been associated with health benefits such as reduced lipid levels, lower blood pressure, improved blood glucose control, weight loss, improved immune function, and reduced inflammation. Many of these health benefits relate to a reduced risk of developing cardiovascular disease. In this paper, we have reviewed recent studies on the hypocholesterolemic effects of dietary soluble fibers as well as fiber-rich foods. Findings include the following: (a) consumption of water-soluble, viscous-forming fibers can reduce total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by about 5–10 %; (b) minimal changes of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglyceride levels were observed; (c) cholesterol-lowering properties of soluble fibers depend on their physical and chemical properties; and (d) medium to high molecular weight fibers are more effective in reducing lipid levels. Hypocholesterolemic benefits were also observed with some fiber-rich foods, such as whole oats, whole barley, legumes, peas, beans, flax seeds, apples, and citrus foods.

Keywords

Diet Fiber-rich food LDL cholesterol Cardiovascular risk Microbiome 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by UC Davis Clinical and Translational Center (CTSC) base operating grant (#TR000002) and Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women’s Health/K12 training grant (#NIH 2K12HD051958).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prasanth Surampudi
    • 1
  • Byambaa Enkhmaa
    • 1
  • Erdembileg Anuurad
    • 1
  • Lars Berglund
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  2. 2.2UC Davis Medical Center, CTSCSacramentoUSA

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