Lifestyle Strategies for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction

Nutrition (JP Foreyt, Section Editor)

DOI: 10.1007/s11883-014-0444-y

Cite this article as:
Rippe, J.M. & Angelopoulos, T.J. Curr Atheroscler Rep (2014) 16: 444. doi:10.1007/s11883-014-0444-y
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Nutrition


Daily lifestyle practices and habits profoundly affect the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Abundant research and multiple recent consensus documents support the role of regular physical activity, not smoking cigarettes, maintaining a healthy body weight, controlling cholesterol levels, and controlling blood pressure to lower the risk of CVD. These strategies also play important roles in avoiding ever developing risk factors. Despite overwhelming knowledge in this area, adherence to lifestyle strategies remains suboptimal. Challenges remain in helping the public to act upon the current knowledge in this area. Recent guidelines for managing cholesterol and blood pressure provide new guidance in these areas. Controversy, however, exists related to specific recommendations in both of these areas. Similar strategies that are applied to adults for improving lifestyle habits and practices to lower CVD risk also apply to children and adolescents. A clear consensus exists that lifestyle strategies play a critical role in preventing, managing, and reducing cardiovascular disease and its risk factors.


Cardiovascular disease Physical activity Cigarette smoking Weight Cholesterol Blood pressure Lifestyle medicine Primordial prevention Ideal cardiovascular health Diet Adherence Psychological factors Blood glucose 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rippe Lifestyle InstituteCelebrationUSA
  2. 2.School of MedicineUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  3. 3.Rippe Lifestyle InstituteShrewsburyUSA
  4. 4.Laboratory of Applied Physiology, Department of Health ProfessionsUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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