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Current Atherosclerosis Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 88–95 | Cite as

A Cardiologist’s View of Hypoglycemia

  • Shailesh Nandish
  • Jamison Wyatt
  • Rene Oliveros
  • Adrienne Stevens Zion
  • Michael Lujan
  • Robert ChiltonEmail author
Article

Abstract

Recent studies have failed to show an improvement in cardiovascular mortality with intensive glycemic control and aggressive glycated hemoglobin (A1c) targets less than 7.0%. Excessive hypoglycemic episodes with intensive glucose-lowering therapy are thought to be a major factor in the failure to show cardiovascular benefit in these trials. In this article, we review the physiology of glucose metabolism, the cardiovascular pathophysiology of hypoglycemia, and the trials with an intensive glucose-lowering strategy that have studied microvascular and macrovascular complications. We also review the current non-insulin drugs available for the treatment of diabetes and their potential hypoglycemic and cardiovascular impacts.

Keywords

Diabetes Hypoglycemia Cardiology 

Notes

Disclosure

No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shailesh Nandish
    • 1
  • Jamison Wyatt
    • 1
  • Rene Oliveros
    • 1
  • Adrienne Stevens Zion
    • 2
  • Michael Lujan
    • 1
  • Robert Chilton
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Cardiovascular Diseases, Division of Cardiology, MC 7872UT Health Science CenterSan AntonioUSA
  2. 2.Teachers CollegeColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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