Current Atherosclerosis Reports

, Volume 2, Issue 6, pp 467–475

Functional foods and cardiovascular disease

  • Clare M. Hasler
  • Susan Kundrat
  • Deborah Wool
Article

Abstract

Functional foods are foods that, by virtue of physiologically active food components, provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition. Many functional foods have been found to be potentially beneficial in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of mortality in the United States. These foods include soybeans, oats, psyllium, flaxseed, garlic, tea, fish, grapes, nuts, and stanol- and sterol ester enhanced margarine. When eaten in adequate amounts on a consistent basis, these foods may aid in decreasing the risk of cardiovascular disease by several potential mechanisms: lowering blood lipid levels, improving arterial compliance, reducing low-density lipoprotein oxidation, decreasing plaque formation, scavenging free radicals, and inhibiting platelet aggregation.

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Copyright information

© Current Science Inc 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clare M. Hasler
    • 1
  • Susan Kundrat
    • 1
  • Deborah Wool
    • 1
  1. 1.Functional Foods for Health ProgramUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

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