Ambient Air Pollution and Asthma-Related Outcomes in Children of Color of the USA: a Scoping Review of Literature Published Between 2013 and 2017

  • Anthony Nardone
  • Andreas M. Neophytou
  • John Balmes
  • Neeta Thakur
Allergies and the Environment (M Hernandez, Section Editor)
  • 38 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Allergies and the Environment

Abstract

Purpose of Review

Given racial disparities in ambient air pollution (AAP) exposure and asthma risk, this review offers an overview of the literature investigating the ambient air pollution-asthma relationship in children of color between 2013 and 2017.

Recent Findings

AAP is likely a key contributor to the excess burden of asthma in children of color due to pervasive exposure before birth, at home, and in school. Recent findings suggest that psychosocial stressors may modify the relationship between AAP and asthma.

Summary

The effect of AAP on asthma in children of color is likely modulated by multiple unique psychosocial stressors and gene-environment interactions. Although children of color are being included in asthma studies, more research is still needed on impacts of specific criteria pollutants throughout the life course. Additionally, future studies should consider historical factors when analyzing current exposure profiles.

Keywords

Asthma Air pollution Health disparities Race Ethnicity 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Dr. Thakur reports grants from the National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute and grants from Parker B. Francis Fellowship Program, during the conduct of the study. The other authors declare no conflicts of interest relevant to this manuscript.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Nardone
    • 1
    • 2
  • Andreas M. Neophytou
    • 2
  • John Balmes
    • 2
    • 3
  • Neeta Thakur
    • 3
  1. 1.University of California, San Francisco-University of California Berkeley Joint Medical ProgramBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public HealthUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care MedicineUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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