Targeting the Molecular and Cellular Interactions of the Bone Marrow Niche in Immunologic Disease

  • Jaime M. Brozowski
  • Matthew J. Billard
  • Teresa K. Tarrant
AUTOIMMUNITY (TK TARRANT, SECTION EDITOR)
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Topical Collection on Autoimmunity

Abstract

Recent investigations have expanded our knowledge of the regulatory bone marrow (BM) niche, which is critical in maintaining and directing hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal and differentiation. Osteoblasts, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and CXCL12-abundant reticular (CAR) cells are niche components in close association with HSCs and have been more clearly defined in immune cell function and homeostasis. Importantly, cellular inhabitants of the BM niche signal through G protein-coupled surface receptors (GPCRs) for various appropriate immune functions. In this article, recent literature on BM niche inhabitants (HSCs, osteoblasts, MSCs, CAR cells) and their GPCR mechanistic interactions are reviewed for better understanding of the BM cells involved in immune development, immunologic disease, and current immune reconstitution therapies.

Keywords

Bone marrow (BM) Endosteal niche Perivascular niche Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) CXCL12-abundant reticular (CAR) cells Osteoblasts G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK) Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) CXCL12 CXCR4 Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor (S1PR) Parathyroid hormone (PTH) Parathyroid hormone receptor (PTH1R) Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) AMD3100 FTY720 SEW2871 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaime M. Brozowski
    • 1
    • 3
  • Matthew J. Billard
    • 2
    • 4
  • Teresa K. Tarrant
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and ImmunologyUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Thurston Arthritis Research Center and the Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and ImmunologyUniversity of North Carolina School of MedicineChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.The University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.Thurston Arthritis Research CenterThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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