Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 315–321 | Cite as

Ocular Myositis

  • Clare L. Fraser
  • Simon E. Skalicky
  • Avinash Gurbaxani
  • Peter McCluskey


Ocular myositis frequently manifests with orbital pain and diplopia. The diagnosis of ocular myositis falls within the overall classification of idiopathic orbital inflammatory diseases, defined as non-infective non-specific orbital inflammation without identifiable local or systemic causes. Orbital myositis may form part of more widespread systemic inflammatory processes such as Crohn’s disease and the more recently described IgG4-related disease. There is also a broad range of ophthalmic differential diagnoses. Diagnosis, assessment and management of ocular myositis requires the cooperation of ophthalmologists and rheumatologists/immunologists in order to achieve the best patient outcomes. The current literature and avenues of future research are reviewed.


Orbital myositis Extra-ocular muscle Inflammation Treatment Pathophysiology Presentation Assessment Sarcoidosis Systemic lupus erythematosus Crohn’s disease Differential diagnosis Management Corticosteroids Radiotherapy Complications Prognosis 



No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.


Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clare L. Fraser
    • 1
    • 2
  • Simon E. Skalicky
    • 1
    • 2
  • Avinash Gurbaxani
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peter McCluskey
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.c/o Save Sight InstituteSydney Eye HospitalSydneyAustralia

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