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Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 520–529 | Cite as

The Pathologic and Clinical Intersection of Atopic and Autoimmune Disease

  • Ankoor Shah
AUTOIMMUNITY (TK TARRANT, SECTION EDITOR)

Abstract

Hypersensitivity reactions of the immune system have been broadly categorized into the atopic and autoimmune depending on whether the antigen triggering the reaction is endogenous (or self) or exogenous, the types of cellular and humoral components involved, and the clinical symptoms. Research into the pathophysiology of the resultant disease states has focused on a dichotomy between Th1 and Th2 T helper lymphocytes thought to govern autoimmune and atopic disease, respectively. Recent discoveries, however, have served to dispute this paradigm and have provided additional insight into the roles of Th17 cells, B-lymphocytes and T regulatory cells as well as the considerable communication and commonalities between the complex signaling pathways. Furthermore, clinical studies have served to challenge the idea that the presence of atopy and autoimmunity are mutually exclusive states. Finally, application of recent approaches to treatment—biologic targeted therapy in autoimmunity and induction of immune tolerance in atopic disease—to both disease states have shown mixed but promising results.

Keywords

Atopy Atopic disease Autoimmunity Autoimmune disease Th1 Th2 Th17 T regulatory cells B regulatory cells Thymic stromal lymphopoietin IgE autoantibodies Mast cells Immunotherapy Omalizumab 

Notes

Disclosure

No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.

References

Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: •• Of major importance

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Duke University, Division of Rheumatology and ImmunologyDurhamUSA

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