Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 413–423 | Cite as

Exposure to Cats: Update on Risks for Sensitization and Allergic Diseases

  • Shyamali C. Dharmage
  • Caroline L. Lodge
  • Melanie C. Matheson
  • Brittany Campbell
  • Adrian J. Lowe
ALLERGENS (RK BUSH, SECTION EDITOR)

Abstract

Cats are the pets most commonly implicated in the etiology of asthma and allergic disease. However, systematic reviews have concluded that there is a lack of evidence to support the idea that cat exposure in early life increases the risk of allergic disease. Indeed, it appears most likely that cat exposure is protective against allergic diseases. Recent large prospective studies have shown that living with a cat during childhood, especially during the first year of a child’s life, could be protective. However, any advice given to the parents should also incorporate how new acquisition of cats can affect other family members, especially those who are already sensitized. Research is urgently needed to determine whether the suggested impact of acquisition of cats in adult life is modified by the person’s childhood pet ownership, to help parents who seek advice on whether or not to get a cat.

Keywords

Cat exposure Cat allergens Fel d 1 Asthma Eczema Atopic dermatitis Allergic Review Rhinitis Conjunctivitis Sensitization Allergies Pets Cats Risks 

Notes

Acknowledgments

S.C.D., C.L., M.C.M., and A.J..L are supported by the National Health Medical Research Council. In addition, C.L. is supported by the Sydney Myer Foundation.

Disclosure

No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shyamali C. Dharmage
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Caroline L. Lodge
    • 1
  • Melanie C. Matheson
    • 1
  • Brittany Campbell
    • 1
  • Adrian J. Lowe
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Molecular, Environmental, Genetic and Analytic (MEGA) Epidemiology, Melbourne School of Population HealthThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Murdoch Childrens Research InstituteRoyal Children’s HospitalMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.Centre for Molecular, Environmental, Genetic & Analytic Epidemiology, School of Population Health, Dentistry & Health SciencesThe University of MelbourneCarltonAustralia

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