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Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 185–191 | Cite as

The Role of Smoking in Allergy and Asthma: Lessons from the ECRHS

  • Simone Accordini
  • Christer Janson
  • Cecilie Svanes
  • Deborah JarvisEmail author
ASTHMA (WJ CALHOUN AND J BOUSQUET, SECTION EDITORS)

Abstract

The European Community Respiratory Health Survey is an international multicenter cohort study of asthma, allergy, and lung function that began in the early-1990s with recruitment of population-based samples of 20- to 44-year-old adults, mainly in Europe. The aims of the study are broad ranging but include assessment of the role of in utero exposure to tobacco smoke, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, and active smoking on the incidence, prevalence, and prognosis of allergy and asthma. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses looking at these associations have been conducted, sometimes only using information collected in one country, and on other occasions using information collected in all the participating centers. This article summarizes the results from these various publications from this large epidemiologic study.

Keywords

European Community Respiratory Health Survey ECRHS Smoking Allergy Asthma Tobacco Environmental tobacco smoke Parental smoking Epidemiologic Environmental exposure Childhood exposure Smoking behavior Cigarettes Lung function Wheezing Healthy smoker effect Atopy 

Notes

Disclosure

Dr. Janson has received payment for giving lectures from GlaxoSmithKline, AstraZeneca, Boehringer-Ingelheim, and Novartis.

Dr. Jarvis has received grant support from the European Union, Asthma UK, the Department of Health, and the Medical Research Council and has received payment for giving lectures from GlaxoSmithKline Chile.

Drs. Accordini and Svanes reported no potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simone Accordini
    • 1
  • Christer Janson
    • 2
  • Cecilie Svanes
    • 3
  • Deborah Jarvis
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Unit of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Department of Public Health and Community MedicineUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Medical Sciences: Respiratory Medicine & AllergologyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  3. 3.University of BergenBergenNorway
  4. 4.Respiratory Epidemiology and Public Health Group, National Heart and Lung InstituteImperial CollegeLondonUK

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