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Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp 357–364 | Cite as

Microarrayed Allergen Molecules for the Diagnosis of Allergic Diseases

  • Adriano Mari
  • Claudia Alessandri
  • Maria Livia Bernardi
  • Rosetta Ferrara
  • Enrico Scala
  • Danila Zennaro
Article

Abstract

IgE-mediated allergic diseases are among the most prevalent diseases worldwide. The use of extracts in the skin test and the additional use of IgE testing still represent the current basis for the diagnostic work-up. During the past 30 years, knowledge of the molecular structure of allergens has increased dramatically, and the characterization and production of allergenic molecules, as natural purified compounds or recombinant products, is allowing us to approach the allergy diagnostic work-up differently. Much of this is based on the adoption of microtechnology since the first release of a biochip for IgE detection. Its use has prompted the development of new concepts linked to the diagnosis of allergic diseases. This review describes the background of allergy diagnosis and the tools currently used for specific IgE detection. It gives insight into the most recent advancement in the field of biotechnology leading to allergenic molecule availability, microtechnology leading to the routine use of protein biochips for IgE detection, and how they should be combined with information technology.

Keywords

Allergy Diagnosis Molecules Extracts Biochip IgE 

Notes

Disclosure

No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this article were reported.

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriano Mari
    • 1
  • Claudia Alessandri
    • 1
  • Maria Livia Bernardi
    • 1
  • Rosetta Ferrara
    • 1
  • Enrico Scala
    • 1
  • Danila Zennaro
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Molecular AllergologyIDI-IRCCSRomeItaly

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