Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 107–113

Role of nasal allergy in chronic secretory otitis media

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11882-009-0016-3

Cite this article as:
Pelikan, Z. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep (2009) 9: 107. doi:10.1007/s11882-009-0016-3

Abstract

Nasal allergy seems to be one of the important causes of chronic secretory otitis media (SOM) in children and adults. Chronic SOM is unequivocally related to disturbed function of the eustachian tube, which facilitates communication of the middle ear with the nasopharynx, nasal cavity, and indirectly with paranasal sinuses. The most serious consequences of chronic SOM are decreased elasticity of the tympanic membrane and hearing impairment. Allergic reactions in the nasal mucosa leading to release of various mediators result in development of three types of nasal response characterized predominantly by nasal obstruction. Eustachian tube functions can be affected directly by the mediators released in the nasal mucosa or indirectly by the nasal obstruction. Nasal challenges with allergens performed by rhinomanometry, combined with tympanometry and eventually audiometry, may be a useful diagnostic supplement for this disorder.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Allergy Research FoundationBredaThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations