Characteristics of food-allergic patients placing them at risk for a fatal anaphylactic episode
- 257 Downloads
Food allergy is a growing public health and food safety concern. Twelve million Americans—4% of the population—suffer from the disease, and the prevalence is increasing. There is no cure for food allergy; strict avoidance is the only way to prevent a reaction. Food allergy is a major cause of anaphylaxis, a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that results in an estimated 30,000 emergency department visits and 100 to 150 deaths annually. Factors that place food-allergic patients at greater risk for a fatal anaphylactic episode include asthma; being a teen or young adult; peanut, tree nut, and seafood allergy; not carrying epinephrine; restaurant food; spending time in schools and child care settings; and lack of information from health care providers. Better education of patients and their families about managing their food allergy and high-risk situations can help to prevent future fatalities.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
References and Recommended Reading
- 1.National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease: Report of the NIH Expert Panel on food allergy research, March 13–14, 2006. Available at http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/topics/foodAllergy/research/ReportFoodAllergy.htm. Accessed June 2008.
- 8.US Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition: Questions and answers regarding food allergens, including the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004 (Edition 4). Available at http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/:_dms/alrguid4.html. Accessed June 2008.
- 9.Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion: Healthy youth! Available at http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/foodallergies/. Accessed June 2008.
- 15.US Food and Drug Administration: Food allergies: what you need to know. Available at http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/:_dms/ffalrgn.html. Accessed June 2008.
- 16.Sampson HA, Muñoz-Furlong A, Campbell RL, et al.: Second symposium on the definition and management of anaphylaxis: summary report-Second National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease/Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network symposium. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2006, 117:391–397.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 20.The Food Allergy & Anaphylaxis Network: Frequently asked questions about anaphylaxis. Available at http://www.foodallergy.org/anaphylaxis/index.html. Accessed June 2008.