Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 277–287 | Cite as

Immunomodulatory approaches to the management of chronic urticaria: An immune-mediated inflammatory disease

  • Clifton O. BinghamIII


Although commonly encountered in clinical practice, chronic urticaria (CU) remains difficult to treat. In contrast to acute urticaria, neither exogenous triggers nor specific immunoglobulin E are identified in most chronic cases. A body of evidence suggests that CU is represented within the spectrum of immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID). Our understanding of the CU disease pathogenesis now recognizes a role for T cells, B cells, and autoantibodies, and intrinsic abnormalities of histamine-releasing effector cells, thus providing new targets of intervention beyond the current mainstay of often inadequate symptomatic treatment directed against histamine receptors and steroids, with their attendant morbidities. Agents previously used to treat other autoimmune and inflammatory diseases have demonstrated efficacy in CU. Newer biologic and nonbiologic immunomodulatory agents approved for other indications and in clinical development provide potential options for this often severe disease.


Mast Cell Urticaria Allergy Clin Immunol Abatacept Omalizumab 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Divisions of Rheumatology and Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of MedicineJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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