Current Allergy and Asthma Reports

, Volume 2, Issue 5, pp 401–411 | Cite as

Dust mite allergens: Ecology and distribution

  • Larry G. Arlian
  • Marjorie S. Morgan
  • Jacqueline S. Neal


The most important allergy-causing mites found in homes worldwide are the house dust mites Dermatophagoides farinae, D. pteronyssinus, Euroglyphus maynei, and the storage mite Blomia tropicalis. Most homes contain multiple species. The most prevalent mite species and allergen in homes differ geographically, between homes within a geographical region, and among areas within a home. Therefore, it is important to know which mite species are present in a geographical area when performing diagnostic testing and prescribing immunotherapy. The key factor that influences mite survival and prevalence is relative humidity. Mites are present in homes in humid geographical areas and are rare or absent in drier climates unless humidity is artificially raised. Generally speaking, dust mite allergen levels are low in public buildings and transportation compared to levels in homes.


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Copyright information

© Current Science Inc. 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Larry G. Arlian
    • 1
  • Marjorie S. Morgan
    • 1
  • Jacqueline S. Neal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesWright State UniversityDaytonUSA

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