Annals of Dyslexia

, Volume 69, Issue 1, pp 34–53 | Cite as

Elementary teacher’s knowledge of response to intervention implementation: a preliminary factor analysis

  • Stephanie Al OtaibaEmail author
  • Kristi Baker
  • Patrick Lan
  • Jill Allor
  • Brenna Rivas
  • Paul Yovanoff
  • Akihito Kamata


In the USA, many states have adopted response to intervention or multi-tiered systems of supports to provide early intervention. However, there is considerable variability in how states and schools implement RTI. Teachers are responsible for using student data from RTI to inform instructional decisions for students with or at risk for dyslexia, so it is necessary to understand the knowledge they have about the structure of RTI in their individual schools. This study reviews the results of an exploratory factor analysis of a survey aimed at measuring teachers’ knowledge about RTI implementation and their understanding of RTI implementation within their school. The 52-item survey was administered online to 139 general and special education teachers. The three final factors from this factor analytic work were (1) Teacher Knowledge about Tier 1 Implementation, (2) Teacher Knowledge about Leadership and School Systems, and (3) Teacher Knowledge about Data-Based Decision Making. Factor determinacy scores demonstrated that the survey had high internal consistency. On average, teachers’ survey scores were higher on the first two factors and slightly lower on the third factor. Implications of the findings for teachers of students with learning disabilities, including dyslexia, and directions for future research were discussed.


Factor analysis Multi-tiered systems of support Response to intervention Teacher knowledge survey 



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Copyright information

© The International Dyslexia Association 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephanie Al Otaiba
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kristi Baker
    • 2
  • Patrick Lan
    • 1
  • Jill Allor
    • 1
  • Brenna Rivas
    • 1
  • Paul Yovanoff
    • 1
  • Akihito Kamata
    • 3
  1. 1.Southern Methodist UniversityDallasUSA
  2. 2.Southern Methodist UniversityDallasUSA
  3. 3.Southern Methodist UniversityDallasUSA

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