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Annals of Dyslexia

, Volume 63, Issue 3–4, pp 217–238 | Cite as

Are poor Chinese text comprehenders also poor in written composition?

  • Connie Qun Guan
  • Feifei Ye
  • Wanjin MengEmail author
  • Che Kan LeongEmail author
Article

Abstract

We studied the performance in three genres of Chinese written composition (narration, exposition, and argumentation) of 158 grade 4, 5, and 6 poor Chinese text comprehenders compared with 156 good Chinese text comprehenders. We examined text comprehension and written composition relationship. Verbal working memory (verbal span working memory and operation span working memory) and different levels of linguistic tasks—morphological sensitivity (morphological compounding and morphological chain), sentence processing (syntax construction and syntax integrity), and text comprehension (narrative and expository texts)—were used to predict separately narrative, expository, and argumentation written compositions in these students. Grade for grade, the good text comprehenders outperformed the poor text comprehenders in all tasks, except for morphological chain. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses showed differential contribution of the tasks to different genres of writing. In particular, text comprehension made unique contribution to argumentation writing in the poor text comprehenders. Future studies should ask students to read and write parallel passages in the same genre for better comparison and incorporate both instructional and motivational variables.

Keywords

Genres of Chinese written composition Linguistic tasks Text comprehension Working memory 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This study was assisted with a National Office for Education Sciences Planning Grant (DBA120179) awarded to Dr. Connie Qun Guan and Engineering Research Institute Foundations of USTB Grant (YJ2012-019) to Dr. Guan, sponsored by National Institute of Education Science (NIES) grant no. GY2012013 to Prof. Wanjin Meng.

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Copyright information

© The International Dyslexia Association 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Science and Technology BeijingBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Florida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  3. 3.University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychology and Special EducationChina National Institute of Education SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Department of Educational Psychology & Special EducationUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  6. 6.Chinese University of Hong KongHong KongChina

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