Advertisement

Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 271–288 | Cite as

Year-round records of bulk aerosol composition over the Zhongshan Station, Coastal East Antarctica

  • Guojie XuEmail author
  • Liqi ChenEmail author
  • Miming Zhang
  • Yuanhui Zhang
  • Jianjun Wang
  • Qi Lin
Article
  • 56 Downloads

Abstract

To characterize ionic composition and trace elements in the coastal Antarctic, more than 100 bulk aerosol samples were collected at the Chinese Zhongshan Station from February 2005 to November 2008. Major water-soluble species, including Na+, NH4+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Cl, NO3, SO42−, and methane sulfonic acid (MSA), were analyzed by ion chromatography (IC). Trace metals, including Al, V, Cr, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Pb, were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Results showed that sea salt was the major component in aerosols at the Zhongshan Station in coastal East Antarctica. Sea salt ions Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and Cl exhibited the maximum concentration in March, and the highest average concentration in September. NH4+, NO3, SO42−, and MSA exhibited obvious seasonal variations, with higher concentrations in austral summer than in austral winter. During the 4-year observations, the highest aerosol composition loading was showed in 2008, and the high variation and average concentrations of trace metals appeared in January. Based on high NH4+/(Cl + NO3 + 2 × SO42−) molar ratios, atmospheric aerosol was not that acidic in the austral summer. Sulfate depletion was found by the low SO42−/Na+ ratio in samples collected in the austral winter, especially from May to October. Enrichment factor (EF) and multivariate statistical analysis were utilized to explore potential emission sources of aerosols over the Zhongshan station. Na+, Cl, K+, Mg2+, and Ca2+ were mainly from sea salt sources, and Al, Fe, Cu, Cr, Pb, and V were mainly from crustal and anthropogenic pollution sources, while S-cycle compounds non-sea-salt sulfate (nss-SO42−) and MSA originated from marine biogenic emissions.

Keywords

Aerosol Ions Trace elements East Antarctica Seasonal variation Emission sources 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration (CAA), and the staff of Zhongshan Station for supporting the field operations.

Author contributions

G.X., L.C., J.W., and Y.Z. conceived the study. Q.L. conducted sample analysis. G.X., M.Z., L.C., and J.W. conducted the data analysis. All authors contributed to interpreting the results and writing the paper.

Funding information

This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (41706104, 41476172, 41772366), Chinese Projects for Investigations and Assessments of the Arctic and Antarctic (CHINARE2012-2020 for 01-04, 02-01, and 03-04), the Scientific Research Foundation of Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration under contract No. 2015031, No. 2018014, the Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST (2015r037), the open fund by the Double Innovation Talent Program (R2016SCB01), the Fund of Key Laboratory of Global Change and Marine-Atmospheric Chemistry, SOA (GCMAC1811), and the open fund by the Key Laboratory for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation of CMA-NUIST (KDW1702).

Supplementary material

11869_2018_642_MOESM1_ESM.docx (528 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 528 kb)

References

  1. Barbaro E, Zangrando R, Kirchgeorg T, Bazzano A, Illuminati S, Annibaldi A, Rella S, Truzzi C, Grotti M, Ceccarini A, Malitesta C, Scarponi G, Gambaro A (2016) An integrated study of the chemical composition of Antarctic aerosol to investigate natural and anthropogenic sources. Environ Chem 13:867–876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barbaro E, Padoan S, Kirchgeorg T, Zangrando R, Toscano G, Barbante C, Gambaro A (2017) Particle size distribution of inorganic and organic ions in coastal and inland Antarctic aerosol. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:2724–2733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baroni M, Bard E, Petit J-R, Magand O, Bourles D (2011) Volcanic and solar activity, and atmospheric circulation influences on cosmogenic 10Be fallout at Vostok and Concordia (Antarctica) over the last 60 years. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 75:7132–7145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bory A, Wolff E, Mulvaney R, Jagoutz E, Wegner A, Ruth U, Elderfield H (2010) Multiple sources supply eolian mineral dust to the Atlantic sector of coastal Antarctica: evidence from recent snow layers at the top of Berkner Island ice sheet. Earth Planet Sci Lett 291:138–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Budhavant K, Safai P, Rao P (2015) Sources and elemental composition of summer aerosols in the Larsemann Hills (Antarctica). Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:2041–2050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Burn-Nunes LJ, Vallelonga P, Loss RD, Burton GR, Moy A, Curran M, Hong S, Smith AM, Edwards R, Morgan VI, Rosman KJR (2011) Seasonal variability in the input of lead, barium and indium to Law Dome, Antarctica. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 75:1–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cabrerizo A, Dachs J, Barceló D, Jones KC (2012) Influence of organic matter content and human activities on the occurrence of organic pollutants in Antarctic soils, lichens, grass, and mosses. Environ Sci Technol 46:1396–1405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Celis JE, Espejo W, Barra R (2015) Assessment of trace metals in droppings of Adélie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae) from different locations of the Antarctic Peninsula area. Adv Polar Sci 26:1–7Google Scholar
  9. Deuerling KM, Lyons WB, Welch SA, Welch KA (2014) The characterization and role of aeolian deposition on water quality, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Aeolian Res 13:7–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Eom HJ, Gupta D, Cho HR, Hwang HJ, Hur SD, Gim Y, Ro CU (2016) Single-particle investigation of summertime and wintertime Antarctic Sea spray aerosols using low-Z particle EPMA, Raman microspectrometry, and ATR-FTIR imaging techniques. Atmos Chem Phys 16:13823–13836CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grotti M, Soggia F, Ardini F, Magi E, Becagli S, Traversi R, Udisti R (2015) Year-round record of dissolved and particulate metals in surface snow at Dome Concordia (East Antarctica). Chemosphere 138:916–923CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hara K, Osada K, Yabuki M, Yamanouchi T (2012) Seasonal variation of fractionated sea-salt particles on the Antarctic coast. Geophys Res Lett 39(18)  https://doi.org/10.1029/2012GL052761
  13. Hara K, Hayashi M, Yabuki M, Shiobara M, Nishita-Hara C (2014) Simultaneous aerosol measurements of unusual aerosol enhancement in the troposphere over Syowa Station, Antarctica. Atmos Chem Phys 14:4169–4183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hennigan C, Izumi J, Sullivan A, Weber R, Nenes A (2015) A critical evaluation of proxy methods used to estimate the acidity of atmospheric particles. Atmos Chem Phys 15:2775–2790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hur SD, Cunde X, Hong S, Barbante C, Gabrielli P, Lee K, Boutron CF, Ming Y (2007) Seasonal patterns of heavy metal deposition to the snow on Lambert Glacier basin, East Antarctica. Atmos Environ 41:8567–8578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Illuminati S, Bau S, Annibaldi A, Mantini C, Libani G, Truzzi C, Scarponi G (2016) Evolution of size-segregated aerosol mass concentration during the Antarctic summer at Northern Foothills, Victoria Land. Atmos Environ 125:212–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jiang Y, Zhuang G, Wang Q, Huang K, Deng C, Yu G, Xu C, Fu Q, Lin Y, Fu JS, Li M, Zhou Z (2018) Impact of mixed anthropogenic and natural emissions on air quality and eco-environment—the major water-soluble components in aerosols from northwest to offshore isle. Air Qual Atmos Health 11:521–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kim J, Yoon YJ, Gim Y, Kang HJ, Choi JH, Park KT, Lee BY (2017) Seasonal variations in physical characteristics of aerosol particles at the King Sejong Station, Antarctic Peninsula. Atmos Chem Phys 17:12985–12999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kyrö EM, Kerminen VM, Virkkula A, Dal Maso M, Parshintsev J, Ruíz-Jimenez J, Forsström L, Manninen HE, Riekkola ML, Heinonen P, Kulmala M (2013) Antarctic new particle formation from continental biogenic precursors. Atmos Chem Phys 13:3527–3546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Leal MA, Joppert M, Licínio MV, Evangelista H, Maldonado J, Dalia KC, Lima C, Barros Leite CV, Correa SM, Medeiros G, Dias da Cunha K (2008) Atmospheric impacts due to anthropogenic activities in remote areas: the case study of Admiralty Bay/King George Island/Antarctic peninsula. Water Air Soil Pollut 188:67–80CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lee JR, Raymond B, Bracegirdle TJ, Chadès I, Fuller RA, Shaw JD, Terauds A (2017) Climate change drives expansion of Antarctic ice-free habitat. Nature 547:49–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Legrand M, Ducroz F, Wagenbach D, Mulvaney R, Hall J (1998) Ammonium in coastal Antarctic aerosol and snow: role of polar ocean and penguin emissions. J Geophys Res Atmos 103:11043–11056CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Legrand M, Preunkert S, Weller R, Zipf L, Elsässer C, Merchel S, Rugel G, Wagenbach D (2017) Year-round record of bulk and size-segregated aerosol composition in Central Antarctica (Concordia site)—part 2: biogenic sulfur (sulfate and methanesulfonate) aerosol. Atmos Chem Phys 17:14055–14073CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Majer AP, Petti MAV, Corbisier TN, Ribeiro AP, Theophilo CYS, Ferreira PAL, Figueira RCL (2014) Bioaccumulation of potentially toxic trace elements in benthic organisms of Admiralty Bay (King George Island, Antarctica). Mar Pollut Bull 79:321–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Minikin A, Legrand M, Hall J, Wagenbach D, Kleefeld C, Wolff E, Pasteur EC, Ducroz F (1998) Sulfur-containing species (sulfate and methanesulfonate) in coastal Antarctic aerosol and precipitation. J Geophys Res Atmos 103:10975–10990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mishra VK, Kim K-H, Hong S, Lee K (2004) Aerosol composition and its sources at the King Sejong Station, Antarctic peninsula. Atmos Environ 38:4069–4084CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ndungu K, Zurbrick CM, Stammerjohn S, Severmann S, Sherrell RM, Flegal AR (2016) Lead sources to the Amundsen Sea, West Antarctica. Environ Sci Technol 50:6233–6239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Padeiro A et al (2016) Trace element contamination and availability in the Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica. Environ Sci Process Impacts 18:648–657CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Petit J-R, Jouzel J, Raynaud D, Barkov NI, Barnola JM, Basile I, Bender M, Chappellaz J, Davis M, Delaygue G, Delmotte M, Kotlyakov VM, Legrand M, Lipenkov VY, Lorius C, PÉpin L, Ritz C, Saltzman E, Stievenard M (1999) Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica. Nature 399:429–436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Roscoe HK, Jones AE, Brough N, Weller R, Saiz-Lopez A, Mahajan AS, Schoenhardt A, Burrows JP, Fleming ZL (2015) Particles and iodine compounds in coastal Antarctica. J Geophys Res Atmos 120:7144–7156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sahade R, Lagger C, Torre L, Momo F, Monien P, Schloss I, Barnes DKA, Servetto N, Tarantelli S, Tatian M, Zamboni N, Abele D (2015) Climate change and glacier retreat drive shifts in an Antarctic benthic ecosystem. Sci Adv 1:e1500050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Savarino J, Kaiser J, Morin S, Sigman DM, Thiemens MH (2007) Nitrogen and oxygen isotopic constraints on the origin of atmospheric nitrate in coastal Antarctica. Atmos Chem Phys 7:1925–1945CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Schlesinger WH, Klein EM, Vengosh A (2017) Global biogeochemical cycle of vanadium. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:E11092–E11100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shi G, Teng J, Ma H, Wang D, Li Y (2018) Metals in topsoil in Larsemann Hills, an ice-free area in East Antarctica: lithological and anthropogenic inputs. Catena 160:41–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Teinilä K, Frey A, Hillamo R, Tülp HC, Weller R (2014) A study of the sea-salt chemistry using size-segregated aerosol measurements at coastal Antarctic station Neumayer. Atmos Environ 96:11–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Thamban M, Thakur RC (2013) Trace metal concentrations of surface snow from Ingrid Christensen Coast, East Antarctica—spatial variability and possible anthropogenic contributions. Environ Monit Assess 185:2961–2975CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Truzzi C, Annibaldi A, Illuminati S, Mantini C, Scarponi G (2017) Chemical fractionation by sequential extraction of Cd, Pb, and Cu in Antarctic atmospheric particulate for the characterization of aerosol composition, sources, and summer evolution at Terra Nova Bay, Victoria land. Air Qual Atmos Health 10:783–798CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tuohy A, Bertler N, Edwards R, Neff P, Sinclair D (2015) Chapter 6-heavy metal pollutants over the last 2,000 years at Roosevelt Island, Antarctica. Heavy metal pollutants in snow and ice from Roosevelt Island, Antarctica. Ph.D. Thesis, Victoria University of Wellington 91–106Google Scholar
  39. Turner J, Barrand NE, Bracegirdle TJ, Convey P, Hodgson DA, Jarvis M, Jenkins A, Marshall G, Meredith MP, Roscoe H, Shanklin J, French J, Goosse H, Guglielmin M, Gutt J, Jacobs S, Kennicutt MC, Masson-Delmotte V, Mayewski P, Navarro F, Robinson S, Scambos T, Sparrow M, Summerhayes C, Speer K, Klepikov A (2014) Antarctic climate change and the environment: an update. Polar Rec 50:237–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Udisti R, Dayan U, Becagli S, Busetto M, Frosini D, Legrand M, Lucarelli F, Preunkert S, Severi M, Traversi R, Vitale V (2012) Sea spray aerosol in Central Antarctica. Present atmospheric behaviour and implications for paleoclimatic reconstructions. Atmos Environ 52:109–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Virkkula A, Teinilä K, Hillamo R, Kerminen VM, Saarikoski S, Aurela M, Viidanoja J, Paatero J, Koponen IK, Kulmala M (2006) Chemical composition of boundary layer aerosol over the Atlantic Ocean and at an Antarctic site. Atmos Chem Phys 6:3407–3421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wagenbach D, Görlach U, Moser K, Münnich KO (1988) Coastal Antarctic aerosol: the seasonal pattern of its chemical composition and radionuclide content. Tellus B 40:426–436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wagenbach D, Ducroz F, Mulvaney R, Keck L, Minikin A, Legrand M, Hall JS, Wolff EW (1998) Sea-salt aerosol in coastal Antarctic regions. J Geophys Res Atmos 103:10961–10974CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Weller R, Wagenbach D (2007) Year-round chemical aerosol records in continental Antarctica obtained by automatic samplings. Tellus B 59:755–765CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Weller R, Wöltjen J, Piel C, Resenberg R, Wagenbach D, König-Langlo G, Kriews M (2008) Seasonal variability of crustal and marine trace elements in the aerosol at Neumayer station, Antarctica. Tellus B 60:742–752CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Weller R, Wagenbach D, Legrand M, Elsässer C, Tian-Kunze X, König-Langlo G (2011) Continuous 25-yr aerosol records at coastal Antarctica—I: inter-annual variability of ionic compounds and links to climate indices. Tellus B 63:901–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Weller R, Schmidt K, Teinilä K, Hillamo R (2015) Natural new particle formation at the coastal Antarctic site Neumayer. Atmos Chem Phys 15:11399–11410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Weller R, Legrand M, Preunkert S (2018) Size distribution and ionic composition of marine summer aerosol at the continental Antarctic site Kohnen. Atmos Chem Phys 18:2413–2430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Xu G, Gao Y (2014) Atmospheric trace elements in aerosols observed over the Southern Ocean and coastal East Antarctica. Polar Res 33:23973CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Ye W, Bian L, Wang C, Zhu R, Zheng X, Ding M (2016) Monitoring atmospheric nitrous oxide background concentrations at Zhongshan Station, East Antarctica. J Environ Sci 47:193–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhang M, Chen L, Xu G, Lin Q, Liang M (2015) Linking phytoplankton activity in polynyas and sulfur aerosols over Zhongshan Station, East Antarctica. J Atmos Sci 72:4629–4642CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Key Laboratory for Aerosol-Cloud-Precipitation of China Meteorological AdministrationNanjing University of Information Science and TechnologyNanjingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Global Change and Marine-Atmospheric Chemistry, Third Institute of OceanographyState Oceanic AdministrationXiamenChina

Personalised recommendations