, Volume 50, Issue 7, pp 1197–1212 | Cite as

Developing a statistical modeling framework to characterize Year 7 students’ reasoning

  • Anne Patel
  • Maxine PfannkuchEmail author
Original Article


Some researchers advocate a statistical modeling approach to inference that draws on students’ intuitions about factors influencing phenomena and that requires students to build models. Such a modeling approach to inference became possible with the creation of TinkerPlots Sampler technology. However, little is known about what statistical modeling reasoning students need to acquire. Drawing and building on previous research, this study aims to uncover the statistical modeling reasoning students need to develop. A design-based research methodology employing Model Eliciting Activities was used. The focus of this paper is on two 11-year-old students as they engaged with a bag weight task using TinkerPlots. Findings indicate that these students seem to be developing the ability to build models, investigate and posit factors, consider variation and make decisions based on simulated data. From the analysis an initial statistical modeling framework is proposed. Implications of the findings are discussed.


Statistics education Middle school students Statistical modeling reasoning TinkerPlots Model eliciting activities 


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Copyright information

© FIZ Karlsruhe 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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