Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 209–215 | Cite as

Effects of reclamation on heavy metal pollution in a coastal wetland reserve

  • Lingqian Xu
  • Wen Yang
  • Fan Jiang
  • Yajun Qiao
  • Yaner Yan
  • Shuqing An
  • Xin Leng
Article

Abstract

Owing to accelerating reclamation activities in the coastal wetland reserves, it is of great importance to analyze the effects of wetland reclamation on heavy metal pollution in these areas. Soil samples were collected from reclamation and natural habitats in Yancheng National Nature Reserve for Coastal Rare Birds in Jiangsu, China to investigate the effects of reclamation on the total amounts, availability, and vertical distribution of seven elemental heavy-metal pollutants. In general, the total amount and availability each element were relatively low in the two habitats and were classified as “no pollution”. Reclamation was found to significantly increase the total amount of As, Cu, and Zn as well as the pollution degrees of As, Cr, and Zn. The availability of Cu, Pb, Cd, and Cr can also be significantly affected by reclamation. Furthermore, surface-accumulation patterns of the total amounts of these heavy metals could be observed in both habitats, and the availabilities of these elements were higher in deeper soils. Reclamation also had significant impacts on the vertical distribution of Cu, Pb, Cd, and Zn. It is essential to properly monitor nearby aquacultural activities, freshwater irrigation, and traffic pollution during plant harvest to alleviate the negative effects of these human activities.

Keywords

Coastal biosphere reserves Reclamation Heavy metals pollution Availability 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Guangfang Sun and Benfa Liu who helped collect soil samples. In addition, we thank Lining for helping to modify our paper. The funding for this research was provided by the National Basic Research Program of China (grant no. 2013CB430400).

References

  1. Balaguer P, Sardá R, Ruiz M, Diedrich A, Vizoso G, Tintoré J (2008) A proposal for boundary delimitation for integrated coastal zone management initiatives. Ocean & Coastal Management 51:806–814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blaser F, Videka-Blaser R, Karavanić I (2000) Typology and technology, two opposed or parallel methodological approaches? Opuscula Archaeologica 23-24:363–371Google Scholar
  3. Bora FD, Bunea CI, Rusu T, Pop N (2015) Vertical distribution and analysis of micro-, macroelements and heavy metals in the system soil-grapevine-wine in vineyard from north-West Romania. Chem Cent J 9:19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen B, Huang H, Yu W, Zheng S, Wang J, Jiang J (2009) Marine biodiversity conservation based on integrated coastal zone management (ICZM)—a case study in Quanzhou Bay, Fujian, China. Ocean & Coastal Management 52:612–619CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen HY, Teng YG, Lu S, Wang YY, Wang JS (2015) Contamination features and health risk of soil heavy metals in China. Sci Total Environ 512-513:143–153Google Scholar
  6. Cheng A-X, Lou Y-G, Mao Y-B, Wang L-J, Lu S, Chen X-Y (2007) Plant terpenoids: biosynthesis and ecological functions. J Integr Plant Biol 49(178):179–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cheng Z, Lee L, Dayan S, Grinshtein M, Shaw R (2011) Speciation of heavy metals in garden soils: evidences from selective and sequential chemical leaching. Journal of Soils & Sediments 11:628–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Doni S, Macci C, Peruzzi E, Iannelli R, Ceccanti B, Masciandaro G (2012) Decontamination and functional reclamation of dredged brackish sediments. Biodegradation 24:499–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Forst MF (2009) The convergence of integrated coastal zone management and the ecosystems approach. Ocean & Coastal Management 52:294–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gao H, Bai J, Xiao R, Liu P, Jiang W, Wang J (2013) Levels, sources and risk assessment of trace elements in wetland soils of a typical shallow freshwater lake, China. Stochastic Environmental Research & Risk Assessment 27:275–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gbogbo F, Otoo SD (2015) The concentrations of five heavy metals in components of an economically important urban coastal wetland in Ghana: public health and phytoremediation implications. Environmental Monitoring & Assessment 187:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Graf M, Lair GJ, Zehetner F, Gerzabek MH (2007) Geochemical fractions of copper in soil chronosequences of selected European floodplains. Environ Pollut 148:788–796CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Grosbois C, Schafer J, Bril H, Blanc G, Bossy A (2009) Deconvolution of trace element (as, Cr, Mo, Th, U) sources and pathways to surface waters of a gold mining-influenced watershed. Sci Total Environ 407:2063–2076CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Grybos M, Davranche M, Gruau G, Petitjean P (2007) Is trace metal release in wetland soils controlled by organic matter mobility or Fe-oxyhydroxides reduction? Journal of Colloid & Interface Science 314:490–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hu Y, Wang D, Wei L, Song B (2014) Heavy metal contamination of urban topsoils in a typical region of loess plateau, China. Journal of Soils & Sediments Protection Risk Assessment & Rem 14:928–935CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jiao W, Ouyang W, Hao F, Wang F, Liu B (2014) Long-term cultivation impact on the heavy metal behavior in a reclaimed wetland, Northeast China. Journal of Soils & Sediments 14:567–576CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kong X, Cao J, Tang R, Zhang S, Dong F (2014) Pollution of intensively managed greenhouse soils by nutrients and heavy metals in the Yellow River irrigation region, Northwest China. Environmental Monitoring & Assessment 186:7719–7731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kumar V, Sinha AK, Rodrigues PP, Mubiana VK, Blust R, Boeck GD (2015) Linking environmental heavy metal concentrations and salinity gradients with metal accumulation and their effects: a case study in 3 mussel species of Vitória estuary and Espírito Santo bay, Southeast Brazil. Sci Total Environ 523:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lambert R, Grant C, Sauvé S (2007) Cadmium and zinc in soil solution extracts following the application of phosphate fertilizers. Sci Total Environ 378:293–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ma ZJ et al. (2014) Rethinking China’s new great wall. Science 346:912–914Google Scholar
  21. Mccready S, Birch GF, Taylor SE (2003) Extraction of heavy metals in Sydney harbour sediments using 1 M HCl and 0.05 M EDTA and implications for sediment-quality guidelines. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences volume 50:249–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Paller MH, Knox AS (2013) Bioavailability of Metals in Contaminated Sediments. E3s Web of Conferences 1:77–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Paramasivam K, Ramasamy V, Suresh G (2015) Impact of sediment characteristics on the heavy metal concentration and their ecological risk level of surface sediments of vaigai river, tamilnadu, India. Spectrochimica Acta Part A Molecular & Biomolecular Spectroscopy 137:397–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rong X, Bai J, Lu Q, Zhao Q, Gao Z, Wen X, Liu X (2015) Fractionation, transfer, and ecological risks of heavy metals in riparian and ditch wetlands across a 100-year chronosequence of reclamation in an estuary of China. Science of the Total Environment 517c:66–75Google Scholar
  25. Salomons W, Rooij NMD, Kerdijk H, Bril J (1987) Sediments as a source for contaminants? Hydrobiologia 39:13–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shao X, Huang B, Zhao Y, Sun W, Gu Z, Qian W (2014) Impacts of human activities and sampling strategies on soil heavy metal distribution in a rapidly developing region of China. Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety 104:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sundaray SK, Nayak BB, Lin S, Bhatta D (2011) Geochemical speciation and risk assessment of heavy metals in the river estuarine sediments-a case study: Mahanadi basin, India. J Hazard Mater 186:1837–1846CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang L, Yan BX, Zhu L, Ou Y (2015a) The effect of reclamation on the distribution of heavy metals in saline-sodic soil of Songnen plain, China. Environmental Earth Sciences 73:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wang Y, Yang L, Kong L, Liu E, Wang L, Zhu J (2015b) Spatial distribution, ecological risk assessment and source identification for heavy metals in surface sediments from Dongping Lake, Shandong, East China. Catena 125:200–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Xu G, Pei S, Liu J, Gao M, Hu G, Kong X (2015) Surface sediment properties and heavy metal pollution assessment in the near-shore area, North Shandong peninsula. Mar Pollut Bull. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.03.040 Google Scholar
  31. Yang Z, Lu W, Long Y, Bao X, Yang Q (2011) Assessment of heavy metals contamination in urban topsoil from Changchun City, China. J Geochem Explor 108:27–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yang Y, Chen F, Zhang L, Liu J, Wu S, Kang M (2012) Comprehensive assessment of heavy metal contamination in sediment of the Pearl River estuary and adjacent shelf. Mar Pollut Bull 64:1947–1955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yang W, Zhao H, Chen X, Yin S, Cheng X, An S (2013) Consequences of short-term C4 plant Spartina alterniflora invasions for soil organic carbon dynamics in a coastal wetland of Eastern China. Ecol Eng 61:50–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Yang W et al. (2015) Labile and recalcitrant soil carbon and nitrogen pools in tidal Salt marshes of the eastern Chinese Coast as Affected by Short-Term C 4 Plant Spartina alterniflora Invasion. Clean – Soil Air Water 43:872–880CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhang M (2008) Landscape change and its’ dynamic impacts on the habitat of red-crowned crane (gnus japonensis) in Yancheng coastal wetland, Jiangsu Province (in chinese). Northeast Normal UniversityGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhao H, Xia B, Chen F, Peng Z, Shen S (2012) Human health risk from soil heavy metal contamination under different land uses near Dabaoshan mine, Southern China. Sci Total Environ 417-418:45–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zhou C et al. (2009) Sulfur storage changed by exotic Spartina alterniflora in coastal saltmarshes of China. Ecol Eng 35:536–543. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2008.01.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lingqian Xu
    • 1
  • Wen Yang
    • 1
  • Fan Jiang
    • 1
  • Yajun Qiao
    • 1
  • Yaner Yan
    • 1
  • Shuqing An
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xin Leng
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Life Science and Institute of Wetland EcologyNanjing UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Nanjing University Ecology Research Institute of Changshu (NJUecoRICH)ChangshuPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations