RETRACTED ARTICLE: Adaptive neuro-fuzzy estimation of bridge girder forces with perforations under tsunami wave loading

  • Shatirah AkibEmail author
  • Sadia Rahman
  • Shahaboddin ShamshirbandEmail author

The Editor-in-Chief has retracted this article (Akib et al. 2014) because validity of the content of this article cannot be verified. This article showed evidence of substantial text overlap (most notably with the articles cited (Akib et al. 2015; Rahman et al. 2014)), authorship and peer review manipulation. Author S. Shamshirband disagrees; S. Akib and S. Rahman have not responded to correspondence about this retraction.


Supplementary material

11852_2014_356_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.4 mb)
ESM 1 (PDF 1.42 mb)


  1. Akib S, Rahman S, Shamshirband S (2014) J Coast Conserv.
  2. Akib S, Rahman S, Shamshirband S et al (2015) Bull Earthquake Eng 13:935.
  3. Rahman S, Akib S, Khan MTR et al (2014) Engineering and Technology International Journal of Bioengineering and Life Sciences 8:2. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Computer System and Technology, Faculty of Computer Science and Information TechnologyUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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