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Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 167–175 | Cite as

Longitudinal variations of coral reef features in the Marine National Park, Gulf of Kachchh

  • J. S. Yogesh Kumar
  • N. Marimuthu
  • S. Geetha
  • Ch. Satyanarayana
  • K. Venkataraman
  • R. D. Kamboj
Article

Abstract

The Gulf of Kachchh is characterised by a strong tidal variation and the reef communities are capable of higher exposure time during negative tides. About 11 sites located along the Marine National Park (MNP) from west to east were studied for assessing the present status of live coral cover along with other life-form categories. In the present study, the maximum live coral cover was recorded in Pirotan Island, followed by Laku Point, Mithapur and Boriya reef. Multivariate analyses such as Principal Component Analysis and Correspondence Analysis supported that the contribution of live coral cover was more towards Pirotan Island whereas the contribution of coral species cover was more towards Laku Point. Bray-Curtis cluster analysis categorized all the study sites into four major clusters with 78 % similarity based on life-form categories. Among them, two clusters from western region (one forming site from Mithapur Reef to Lakku Point and another one forming from Ashaba Gugar Reef to Dabdaba Island), the third one combines the western and eastern regions (Boriya Reef to Kalubar Island), the fourth one comprises the eastern region (Narara Reef to Sikka), and one outlier Pirotan Island. Based on coral species cover, two major clusters with 55 % similarity were formed. Among them, one cluster was formed from Pirotan Island to Kalubar Island in the eastern side of MNP and the second one comprised the western region of MNP (Boriya Reef to Laku Point), and one outlier Mithapur Reef. Thirty one species of live corals belonging to 8 families and 18 genera were recorded in the Marine National Park itself during the study period.

Keywords

Coral reef East–west gradient Gulf of Kachchh (GoK) Marine National Park (MNP) 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the support given by Mr. M.M. Bhalodi, Deputy Conservator of Forests, Mr. B.H. Dave, Assistant Conservator of Forests, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India for their immense support. We also thank the scientific and supporting staffs of Zoological Survey of India, Jamnagar for their support in the field. We sincerely thank for financial support given by MNP, GoK, and State Project Management Unit of Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project, Gujarat, India. We would like to thank the Anonymous referee for his/her critical review and valuable comments to improve the quality of this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. S. Yogesh Kumar
    • 1
  • N. Marimuthu
    • 2
  • S. Geetha
    • 3
  • Ch. Satyanarayana
    • 4
  • K. Venkataraman
    • 5
  • R. D. Kamboj
    • 6
  1. 1.Zoological Survey of IndiaVansankulIndia
  2. 2.Gujarat Ecology CommissionUdhyog BhavanIndia
  3. 3.Department of ZoologyKamaraj CollegeTuticorinIndia
  4. 4.Zoological Survey of IndiaKolkataIndia
  5. 5.Zoological Survey of IndiaKolkataIndia
  6. 6.Marine National ParkJamnagarIndia

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