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Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 211–223 | Cite as

The smartline approach to coastal vulnerability and social risk assessment applied to a segment of the east coast of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

  • Flavia Moraes Lins-de-Barros
  • Dieter Muehe
Article

Abstract

A growing awareness of increasing trends in coastal erosion and flooding due to climate change is triggering a demand for the rapid assessment of the potential responses of the coastlines around the world, principally in locations where human occupation is especially endangered. Investigations of present and future physical vulnerability and associated social risk have, therefore, become crucial for coastal management. In order to provide a quick and simple methodology for the identification of vulnerable coastal segments, Sharples (2006) has proposed a mapping methodology, called the smartline approach, which consists of representing, by means of simple lines, a geomorphic classification of the hinterland, backshore and beaches. The aim of this paper is to apply the smartline approach to coastal vulnerability assessment with inclusion of social data. The results show that this methodology is appropriate for the indication of coastal segments with varying degrees of vulnerability to erosion and flooding and for the appraisal of the resulting social risk.

Keywords

Coastal vulnerability Risk Smartline approach Coastal erosion Flood 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Multidisciplinary InstituteUniversidade Federal Rural do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil

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