Advertisement

Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 207–214 | Cite as

The potential impacts of sea level rise along the coastal zone of Kanyakumari District in Tamilnadu, India

  • Usha Natesan
  • Anitha Parthasarathy
Article

Abstract

Climate change associated with sea level rise (SLR) is one of the major environmental concerns of today. This paper presents an assessment of the impacts of sea level rise on the coastal zone of Kanyakumari District in Tamilnadu, India. Digital Elevation Model (DEM) combined with overlay techniques in GIS are used in determining the inundation zones along the coastal region. The analysis evaluated the impact on coastal fishing villages, landuse, tourist spots and sensitive areas under threat. The vulnerability of the coastal areas in Kanyakumari to inundation was quantified, based on the projected sea level rise scenarios of 0.5 and 1 m. Our findings reveal that approximately 13 km2 of the land area of Kanyakumari would be permanently inundated due to SLR. This would result in loss of land, alteration of the coastal zone and affects coastal ecosystem. From the study, the mitigation measures (engineering measures) and Coastal Zone Management practices that can be taken to protect human life and property from sea level rise are suggested.

Keywords

Sea level rise Digital Elevation Model Kanyakumari Tamilnadu India GIS 

Abbreviations

DEM

Digital Elevation Model

GIS

Geographical Information System

GHG

Greenhouse Gases

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IRS

Indian Remote sensing Satellite

NAPCC

National Action Plan on Climate Change

SLR

Sea level rise

References

  1. Adam KS (1995) Vulnerability assessment and coastal management program in the Benin coastal zone. In: Beukenkamp P (ed) Proceedings of WCC93. CZM management publication no. 4. National Institute for Coastal and Marine Management, The Hague, pp 489–501Google Scholar
  2. Baarse G, Peerbolte EB, Bijlsma I (1994) Assessment of the vulnerability of the Netherlands to sea-level rise. In: O’Callahan J (ed) Global climate change and the rising challenge of the sea, proceedings of the 3rd IPCC CZMS workshop, Margarita Island, March 1992. NOAA, Silver Spring, pp 211–236Google Scholar
  3. Barth MC, Titus JG (1984) Greenhouse effect and sea level rise: a challenge for this generation. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Bijlsma L, Ehler CN, Klein RJT, Julshrestha SM, McLean RF, Mimura N (1996) Coastal zones and small islands. In: Watson RT, Zinyowera MC, Moss RH (eds) Impacts, adaptations, and mitigation of climate change: scientific–technical analyses, environmental monitoring assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 289–324Google Scholar
  5. Bush M (1997) Ecology of a changing planet. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  6. Chandrasekar N, Immanuel JL, Sahayam JD, Rajamanickam M, Saravanan S (2007) Appraisal of tsunami inundation and run-up along the coast of Kanyakumari District, India—GIS analysis. Oceanologia 49(3):397–412Google Scholar
  7. Church JA, White NJ (2006) A 20th century acceleration in global sea level rise. Geophys Res Lett 33:L01602. doi: 10.1029/2005GL024826 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dennis K, Niang-Diop I, Nicholls RJ (1995) Sea level rise and Senegal: potential impacts and consequences. J Coast Res 14:242–261Google Scholar
  9. French GT, Awosika LF, Ibe CE (1995) Sea-level rise in Nigeria: potential impacts and consequences. J Coast Res 14:224–242Google Scholar
  10. Han M, Hou J, Wu I (1995) Potential impacts of sea level rise on China’s coastal environment and cities: a national assessment. J Coast Res 14:79–95Google Scholar
  11. Houghton JT (1995) The science of climate change. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  12. IPCC (1998) The regional impacts of climate change, an assessment of vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  13. IPCC (2001) Climate change 2001: the physical science basis. Summary for policy makers. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  14. IPCC (2007) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Summary for policy makersGoogle Scholar
  15. Mclean RF, Tsyban A, Burkett V, Codignotto JO, Forbes DL, Mimura N, Beamish RJ, Ittekkot V (2001) Climate change 2001: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 343–379Google Scholar
  16. Melloul A, Collin M (2009) Key natural and anthropogenic parameters enhancing the effect of sea level rise. Ocean Coast Manage 52:39–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mohan VR, Gnanavel D, Sriganesh J, Kulasekaran J, Srinivasalu S (2005) The 26th December, 2004 Tsunami run-up and inundation and their relationship with geomorphology in Tamilnadu,India. Available via DIALOG. http://www.sthjournal.org/tsabst/mohan.pdf#search=%22geomorphology%2Btsunami%22. Accessed on March 2009s
  18. NAPCC (2008) National action plan on climate change 2008, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  19. Narayan JP, Sharma ML, Maheswari BK (2005a) Effects of medu and coastal topography on the damage pattern during the recent Indian Ocean tsunami along the coast of Tamilnadu. Sci Tsunami Hazards 23(2):9–18Google Scholar
  20. Narayan JP, Sharma ML, Maheswari BK (2005b) Run-up and inundation pattern developed during the recent Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004 along the coast of Tamilnadu (India). Gondwana Res 8(4):611–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ng WS, Mendelshon R (2005) The impact of sea level rise on Singapore. Environ Dev Econ 10(2):201–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nicholls RJ, Mimura N (1998) Regional issues raised by sea-level rise and their policy implications. Clim Res 11:5–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nicholls RJ, Tol RSJ (2006) Impacts and responses to sea-level rise: a global analysis of the SRES scenarios over the twenty-first century. Philos Trans R Soc 364(1841):1073–1095CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Parry ML, Canziani OF, Palutikof JP, van der Linden P, Hanson CE (2007) Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability, Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  25. Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL (eds) (2007) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis, Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  26. Titus JG, Richman C (2001) Maps of lands vulnerable to sea-level rise: modelled elevation along the US Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Clim Res 18:205–228Google Scholar
  27. Warrick RA, Le Provost C, Meier MF, Oerlemans J, Woodworth PL (1996) Changes in sea level. In: Houghton JT, Meira Filho LG, Callander BA, Harris N, Klattenberg A, Maskell K (eds) Climate change 1995, the science of climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 359–405Google Scholar
  28. Zeidler RB (1997) Climate change vulnerability and response strategies for the coastal zones of Poland. Clim Change 36:151–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Environmental StudiesAnna University ChennaiChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations