Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 291–303 | Cite as

The integration of land and marine spatial planning

  • Hance D. Smith
  • Frank Maes
  • Tim A. StojanovicEmail author
  • Rhoda C. Ballinger


Whilst spatial planning has evolved as a tool to manage the development and use of the terrestrial environment over decades, the development of spatial planning systems for the marine environment are in their infancy. This paper focuses on the integration of land and marine based spatial planning systems. This is informed by a brief overview of the regional development of the lands and seas of Europe which underlie spatial planning systems and by a discussion of respective spatial planning systems in terms of economic sectors, land use, and sea use. The integration of spatial planning systems is then considered, followed by evaluation of relationships between spatial planning, and the wider field of environmental management. This includes consideration of organisational and geographical scales, technical management including legal aspects, policy, strategic planning and time scales of decision-making. The paper identifies the significant factors which must be considered in the integration of marine and terrestrial planning systems over the coming decades.


Marine spatial planning Land use planning Sea use planning ICM Europe 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hance D. Smith
    • 1
  • Frank Maes
    • 2
  • Tim A. Stojanovic
    • 3
    Email author
  • Rhoda C. Ballinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Marine and Coastal Environment Research GroupSchool of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  2. 2.Faculty of Law, Ghent UniversityGentBelgium
  3. 3.School of Geography and Geosciences(Scottish Oceans Institute and Sustainability Institute) University of St AndrewsSt AndrewsUK

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