Sustainable livelihoods and people’s vulnerability in the face of coastal hazards

  • JC GaillardEmail author
  • Emmanuel A. Maceda
  • Elodie Stasiak
  • Iwan Le Berre
  • Maria Victoria O. Espaldon


The present study investigates into the link between people’s vulnerability in the face of coastal hazards and sustainable livelihoods. It focuses on the town of Borongan in the Philippines and draws on questionnaire-based surveys and focus group discussions. This research shows that local fishermen are often compelled to go out fishing despite pending typhoon or storm surge to sustain the daily needs of their family. Its also demonstrates that the capacity of these people to protect themselves from the threat is constrained by poor and fragile livelihoods. In the event of a crisis, the study argues that people resort to a range of adjustments on their daily life which is rooted in the strength and diversity of their livelihoods. To reduce people’s vulnerability and enhance capacities to face coastal hazards, the study fosters Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction with special emphasis to sustainable livelihoods.


Coastal hazards Vulnerability Capacity Sustainable livelihoods Philippines 



Field work conducted as part of this study was supported by the University of Western Brittany (France), the French Embassy in the Philippines, the Duo-France programme, Planet Risk, Eastern Samar State University and the Local Government Units of Borongan.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • JC Gaillard
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Emmanuel A. Maceda
    • 2
  • Elodie Stasiak
    • 3
  • Iwan Le Berre
    • 4
  • Maria Victoria O. Espaldon
    • 5
  1. 1.UMR 5194 Pacte – CNRSUniversité de GrenobleGrenobleFrance
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of the Philippines DilimanQuezon CityPhilippines
  3. 3.Faculté des Géosciences et de l’EnvironnementUniversité de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  4. 4.Laboratoire GeomerUMR 6554 LETG – CNRSBrestFrance
  5. 5.School of Environmental Science and ManagementUniversity of the Philippines Los BañosLos BañosPhilippines

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