Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 145–159 | Cite as

“Protecting coastal zones in the Mediterranean: an economic and regulatory analysis”

  • A. MarkandyaEmail author
  • S. Arnold
  • M. Cassinelli
  • T. Taylor


This paper examines existing measures taken to protect the coastal zones of the Mediterranean Sea and assesses their success. A summary of the main pressures facing this region is given, followed by an analysis of the legislation covering coastal zone development in ten countries: Algeria, Croatia, Egypt, France, Israel, Italy, Malta, Spain, Tunisia and Turkey. The paper finds that not all of these States have legislation specifically covering coastal zones, but there is concern in all areas that existing legislation is not working. The costs and benefits of controlling coastal development are examined. Firstly, a literature review of valuation studies identifies a range of values placed on the developed and undeveloped coastline for both users and local property owners. These values were then used in a model to evaluate policy options to control development of a stretch of coastline. The model indicates that a stricter control regime of coastal development may provide significant benefits.


Coastal zone management Legislation Littoral Mediterranean Recreation 



Coastal Area Management Programme


Contingent Valuation Method


Integrated Coastal Area Management Protocol


Integrated Coastal Zone Management


Piano Paesaggistico Regionale (Regional Landscape Plan in Sardinia)


Value of Enjoyment


Willingness to Pay



The authors would like to acknowledge financing of this study in the framework of the SMAP III IZCM programme. Comments from Daria Povh are gratefully acknowledged. All errors are our own.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Markandya
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • S. Arnold
    • 1
  • M. Cassinelli
    • 2
  • T. Taylor
    • 1
  1. 1.University of BathBathUK
  2. 2.Foundazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)MilanoItaly
  3. 3.Department of Economics and International DevelopmentUniversity of BathBathUK

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