Advertisement

Modelling Research Topic Trends in Community Forestry

  • Stephen M. ClareEmail author
  • Gordon M. Hickey
Original Paper
  • 83 Downloads

Abstract

How is community forestry (CF) research changing as CF policies mature around the world? In this research note we use bibliometrics and topic modelling to display trends in the geographic foci and research topics mentioned in the abstracts of CF-related research papers published between 1990 and 2017. We find that studies of CF in South Asia make up a substantial proportion of the literature, although CF research in Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America has also developed. Using a structural topic model, we identify four major research areas and 20 topics latent in the text of the abstracts analyzed. The trends of topic proportions over time offer evidence of a shift in research focus from broad policy analysis to local outcomes and growing interest in carbon sequestration. Results identify the most prominent CF research topics and demonstrate the potential of topic models to analyze large amounts of scientific literature.

Keywords

Community-based forestry Sustainable natural resource management Bibliometrics Topic modelling Research gaps 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was funded by the NSERC-CREATE Biodiversity, Ecosystem Services and Sustainability (BESS) program, the McGill University and Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute’s Neotropical Environment Option program and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC).

Supplementary material

11842_2018_9411_MOESM1_ESM.docx (14 kb)
Breakdown of regions by country (DOCX 13 kb)
11842_2018_9411_MOESM2_ESM.docx (25 kb)
All topics, with five highest probability terms and top five frequent and exclusive terms (DOCX 25 kb)
11842_2018_9411_MOESM3_ESM.docx (14 kb)
All journals, conference proceedings, and books from which abstracts were included in database. Count refers to number of abstracts included from each source (DOCX 14 kb)
11842_2018_9411_MOESM4_ESM.docx (160 kb)
All articles included in database (DOCX 159 kb)

References

  1. Agrawal A, Angelsen A (2009) Using community forest management to achieve REDD+ goals. In: Angelsen A, Brockhaus M, Kanninen M, Sills E, Sunderlin WD, Wertz-Kanounnikoff S (eds) Realising REDD+: national strategy and policy options, CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia, pp 201–212Google Scholar
  2. Agrawal A, Chhatre A, Hardin R (2008) Changing governance of the world’s forests. Science 320(5882):1460–1462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arnold JEM (2001) Forests and people: 25 years of community forestry. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, RomeGoogle Scholar
  4. Blei DM (2012) Probabilistic topic models. Commun ACM 55(4):77–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bohr J, Dunlap RE (2017) Key Topics in environmental sociology results from a computational text analysis, 1990–2014. Environ Sociol.  https://doi.org/10.1080/23251042.2017.1393863 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bowler DE, Buyung-Ali LM, Healey JR, Jones JP, Knight TM, Pullin AS (2012) Does community forest management provide global environmental benefits and improve local welfare? Front Ecol Environ 10(1):29–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Butterfield R, Hansen E, Fletcher R, Nikinmaa H (2005) Forest certification and small forest enterprises: key trends and impacts—benefits and barriers. Forest Trends and the Rainforest Alliance, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  8. Center for People and Forests (2013) Community forestry in Asia and the Pacific: pathway to inclusive development. Center for People and Forests, BangkokGoogle Scholar
  9. Chang J, Gerrish S, Wang C, Boyd-Graber JL, Blei DM (2009) Reading tea leaves: how humans interpret topic models. In: Bengio Y, Schuurmans D, Lafferty JD, Williams CKI, Culotta A (eds) Advances in neural information processing systems 22, pp 288–296Google Scholar
  10. Charnley S, Poe MR (2007) Community forestry in theory and practice: Where are we now? Annu Rev Anthropol 36:301–336.  https://doi.org/10.1080/23251042.2017.1393863 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cotula L, Mayers J (2009) Tenure in REDD: Start-point or afterthought? Natural Resources Issue No. 15. International Institute for Environment and Development, LondonGoogle Scholar
  12. Cox M, Arnold G, Villamayor Tomas S (2010) A review of design principles for community-based natural resource management. Ecol Soc 15(4):38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. De Jong W, Cornejo C, Pacheco P, Pokorny B, Stoian D, Sabogal C, Louman B (2010) Opportunities and challenges for community forestry: lessons from tropical America. In: Mery G, Katila P, Galloway G, Alfaro RI, Kanninen M, Lobovikov M, Varjo J (eds) Forests and society—responding to global drivers of change. International Union of Forest Research, Vienna, pp 299–313Google Scholar
  14. DiMaggio P, Nag M, Blei D (2013) Exploiting affinities between topic modeling and the sociological perspective on culture: application to newspaper coverage of US government arts funding. Poetics 41(6):570–606CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dos Santos MB (1996) The textual organization of research paper abstracts in applied linguistics. Text - Interdiscip J Study Discourse 16(4):481–500Google Scholar
  16. Food and Agriculture Organization (2015) Global forest resources assessment 2015. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  17. Gilmour D (2016) Forty years of community-based forestry: a review of its extent and effectiveness. FAO, RomeGoogle Scholar
  18. Griffiths TL, Steyvers M (2004) Finding scientific topics. Proc Natl Acad Sci 101:5228–5235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hall D, Jurafsky D, Manning CD (2008) Studying the history of ideas using topic models. In: Proceedings of the conference on empirical methods in natural language processing, pp 363–371Google Scholar
  20. Larson AM (2011) Forest tenure reform in the age of climate change: lessons for REDD+. Glob Environ Change 21(2):540–549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Larson AM, Cronkleton P, Barry D, Pacheco P (2008) Tenure rights and beyond. CIFOR Occasional Paper 50Google Scholar
  22. Larson AM, Brockhaus M, Sunderlin WD, Duchelle A, Babon A, Dokken T, Pham TT, Resosudarmo IAP, Selaya G, Awono A, Huynh TB (2013) Land tenure and REDD+: the good, the bad and the ugly. Glob Environ Change 23(3):678–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mai YH, Mwangi E, Wan M (2011) Gender analysis in forestry research: looking back and thinking ahead. Int For Rev 13(2):245–258Google Scholar
  24. Mateo-Vega J, Spalding AK, Hickey GM, Potvin C (2018) Deforestation, territorial conflicts, and pluralism in the forests of eastern Panama: a place for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation? Case Stud Environ.  https://doi.org/10.1525/cse.2017.000562 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mimno D, Wallach HM, Talley E, Leenders M, McCallum A (2011) Optimizing semantic coherence in topic models. In: Proceedings of the conference on empirical methods in natural language processing. Association for Computational Linguistics, Stroudsburg, USA, pp 262–72Google Scholar
  26. Mohr JW, Bogdanov P (2013) Introduction—Topic models: what they are and why they matter. Poetics 41(6):545–569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ostrom E, Cox M (2010) Moving beyond panaceas: a multi-tiered diagnostic approach for social-ecological analysis. Environ Conserv 37(4):451–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pagdee A, Kim YS, Daugherty PJ (2006) What makes community forest management successful: a meta-study from community forests throughout the world. Soc Nat Resour 19(1):33–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Pitkin RM, Branagan MA, Burmeister LF (1999) Accuracy of data in abstracts of published research articles. J Am Med Assoc 281(12):1110–1111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Poffenberger M (2006) People in the forest: community forestry experiences from Southeast Asia. Int J Environ Sustain Dev 5(1):57–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Roberts ME, Stewart BM, Tingley D, Lucas C, Leder-Luis J, Gadarian SK, Albertson B, Rand DG (2014) Structural topic models for open-ended survey responses. Am J Polit Sci 58(4):1064–1082CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Roberts ME, Stewart BM, Airoldi EM (2016) A model of text for experimentation in the social sciences. J Am Stat Assoc 111(515):988–1003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Roberts ME, Stewart BM, Tingley D (2018) stm: R package for structural topic models. Retrieved January 31, 2018 from http://www.structuraltopicmodel.com/
  34. Tole L (2010) Reforms from the ground up: a review of community-based forest management in tropical developing countries. Environ Manage 45(6):1312–1331CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Steve Harrison, John Herbohn 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesMcGill UniversitySte-Anne-de-BellevueCanada

Personalised recommendations