Small-scale Forestry

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 233–255 | Cite as

Policies Affecting Forestry Entrepreneurship

  • Anssi Niskanen
  • Anders Lunnan
  • Ikuo Ota
  • Keith Blatner
  • John Herbohn
  • Lyndall Bull
  • Ian Ferguson
  • Gordon M. Hickey
Research Paper

Abstract

Many demand and supply-side policies impede or foster forestry entrepreneurship. A study was conducted to consolidate existing knowledge on policies influencing forestry entrepreneurship in Finland, Norway, Japan, Australia, the Philippines and the USA, and to draw conclusions on these impeding and fostering factors. From the country studies it was difficult to find common structures on policies affecting forestry entrepreneurship. This is understandable because most policies in forestry are aimed at supporting sustainable forest management, wood production and ecological services of the forests rather than entrepreneurship as such. Despite the high variety of policies applied in the study countries, it can be concluded that strict public control on forests’ use and management potentially impedes forestry entrepreneurship. While these policies assist to correct market failure and to promote sustainability of forest management, they may also result into unnecessary and ineffective regulations that limit the opportunities for forestry entrepreneurship. A common feature promoting the demand for forestry entrepreneurship in some of the countries studied is the strong emphasis on forestry cooperatives, which were important institutions to support small-scale forestry entrepreneurship. In many study countries, different ad hoc programs are implemented to find new economic and entrepreneurial opportunities aside from the current use of wood and forests. Subsidies and tax incentives are commonly applied to reduce risks from making forestry investments or otherwise increase the economic return from timber production.

Keywords

Innovation Investment opportunity Policy Regulation 

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Copyright information

© Steve Harrison, John Herbohn 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anssi Niskanen
    • 1
  • Anders Lunnan
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ikuo Ota
    • 4
  • Keith Blatner
    • 5
  • John Herbohn
    • 6
  • Lyndall Bull
    • 7
  • Ian Ferguson
    • 8
  • Gordon M. Hickey
    • 9
  1. 1.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of JoensuuJoensuuFinland
  2. 2.Department of Economics and Resource ManagementNorwegian University of Life SciencesAasNorway
  3. 3.The Norwegian Forest and Landscape InstituteAasNorway
  4. 4.Faculty of AgricultureEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan
  5. 5.Department of Natural Resource SciencesWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  6. 6.School of Natural and Rural Systems ManagementThe University of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia
  7. 7.National Association of Forest Industries, The University of MelbourneDeakinAustralia
  8. 8.School of Forest and Ecosystem ScienceUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  9. 9.Department of Sustainability and EnvironmentEast MelbourneAustralia

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