, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 577–589 | Cite as

On Polkinghorne’s Unification of General Providence, Special Providence and Miracle



John Polkinghorne claims there are no real distinctions between general providence, special providence and miracle. In this paper I determine whether this claim could be true given Polkinghorne’s wider account of these types of divine action. I conclude that this claim could be true, but only given a particular reading of Polkinghorne. I then defend this reading in light of two potential objections.


John Polkinghorne General providence Special providence Miracle Divine action 


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  4. Polkinghorne, J. (2002). The Credibilty of the Miraclous. Zygon, 37(3), 751–757.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Humanities and Social Sciences, & The Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public EthicsCharles Sturt UniversityWagga WaggaAustralia

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