, Volume 50, Issue 9, pp 30–34 | Cite as

The science, technology, and applications of magnesium

  • F. H. Froes
  • D. Eliezer
  • E. Aghion
Overview Light Metals


The very low density and excellent castability of magnesium is leading to increased use in various applications, especially in automobiles, despite poor galvanic corrosion resistance and a higher cost than aluminum. Further expansion of the magnesium market should come from reduced cost, an increased design base, a better understanding of the scientific underpinning of magnesium alloys, improved protection systems, and the development of cost-affordable cast and wrought products.


Magnesium Alloy Ductile Iron Sulfur Hexafluoride Excellent Castability Scientific Underpinning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    F.H. Froes, Light Metal Age (August 1997), p. 46.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. Eliezer, E. Aghion, and F.H. Froes, DSM Overview.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    F.H. Froes, Light Metal Age (October 1997), p. 18.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F.H. Froes, Light Metal Age (February 1998), p. 54.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gerald Cole, “Magnesium Applications in Ford’s PNGV” Mondeo, 24.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Proceedings of the Int. Magnesium Conf. (McLean, VA: IMA, 1995).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Proceedings of the Int. Magnesium Conf. (McLean, VA: IMA, 1996).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Proceedings of the Int. Magnesium Conf. (McLean, VA: IMA, 1998).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Magnesium Alloys and Their Applications, ed. B.L. Mordike and K.U. Kainer (Germany: Werkstoff-Informationsgesellschaft, 1998).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Milton Nurse, MBM (February 1997), p. 52.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    I.J. Polmear, Materials Science and Technology, 10 (1994), pp. 1–14.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Pourbaix, Atlas of Electrochemical Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions (Houston, TX: NACE, 1974), p. 141.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J.E. Hillis, Light Metal Age (June 1983), p. 25.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K.N. Reichek, K.J. Clark, and J.E. Hillis, “Controlling the Salt Water Corrosion Performance of Magnesium AZ91 Alloy,” SAE technical paper, no. 850417 (1985).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    O. Lunder, T.K. Aune, and K. Nisancioglu, Corrosion-NACE, 43 (Houston, TX: NACE, 1987), pp. 291–295.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    T.K.R. Aune, O. Lunder, and K. Nisancioglu, Microstructural Sci., 17 (1989), p. 231.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.D. Hanawalt, C.E. Nelson, and J.A. Peloubet, Trans. AIME, 147 (1942), p. 273.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    F.A. Fox and C.J. Bushrod, J. Inst. Metals, 70 (1944), p. 325; 71 (1945), p. 255.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    H.A. Robinson and P.F. George, Corrosion, 10 (6) (1954), p. 182.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A.M. Cameron, A.V. Hatten, and V.G. Aurich, Magnesium Technology, 119 (1987), pp. 7–17.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kirk-Othmer, vol. 14, 3rd edition (New York: J. Wiley and Sons, 1981), pp. 576–590.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    P.S. Desikan, Light Metals: Science and Technology (Switzerland: 1985), pp. 128–223.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    F. Klein, Proc. Int. Conf. on Magnesium Alloys and Their Applications (Oberursel, Germany: DGM Informationsgesellschaft, 1992), p. 53.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    T.K.R. Aune and H. Westengen, in Ref. 23, p. 221.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    J.E. Ebbesen, in Ref. 23, p. 267.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    G.A., Chadwick and A. Bloyce, in Ref. 23, p. 93.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    H. Westengen, Proc. Int. Conf. on Recent Advances in Science and Engineering of Light Metals (Tokyo: JIM, 1991), p. 77.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. Decker et al., “Thixomolding Mg Based Alloys,” Magnesium Alloys and Their Applications ed. B.L. Mordike and K.U. Kainer (Germany: Werkstoff-Informationsgesellschaft, 1998), p. 545.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    C.V. Raynor, The Physical Metallurgy of Magnesium and Its Alloys (London, Pergamon Press, 1959).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    C.S. Roberts, Magnesium and Its Alloys (New York: Wiley & Sons, 1960).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    J. Becker, G. Fischer, and K. Schemme, “Light Weight Construction Using Extruded and Forged Semi-finished Products Made of Magnesium Alloys,” in Ref. 9, p. 15.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    “Magnesium Pure and Alloys,” Norsk Hydro Report.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    E.F. Emley, Principles of Magnesium Technology, 1st ed. (New York: Pergamon Press, 1966).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Magnesium Materials (City: Magnesium Elecktron, 1993), p. 1.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    J.E. Harris, Light Metals Science and Technology (1985), p. 225.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    E. Aghion, B. Bronfin, and I. Schwartz, Magnesium Applications in the Aerospace Industry.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Magnesium Electron Limited, Magnesium Alloy Database, MATUS Databases (Engineering Information Co. Ltd., 1992).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    G. Craig, “Use of WE-43A-T6 Magnesium in the MD600 Helicopter Drive System,” in Ref. 8, p. 19.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    N. Zeumer, “Magnesium Alloys in New Aeronautical Equipment,” in Ref. 9, p. 125.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Shigetoshi Sugimoto, “Applications of Magnesium Alloys to Automobile Parts,” in Ref. 7, p. 38.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    H. Friedrich and S. Schumann, Dead Sea Magnesium ’97 (in press).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    S. Schumann and H. Friedrich, “The Use of Magnesium in Cars—Today and Future,” in Ref. 9, p. 3.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    H. Friedrich and S. Schumann, “The Use of Magnesium in Cars—Today and in the Future,” in Ref. 8, p. 1.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Fujita et al. (Warrendale, PA: SAE, 1995).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Ferrari Official Web Site: Scholar
  46. 46.
    Tom Gill, MBM (February 1997), p. 63.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© TMS 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. H. Froes
    • 1
  • D. Eliezer
  • E. Aghion
  1. 1.Institute for Materials and Advanced ProcessesUniversity of IdahoMoscow

Personalised recommendations