Advertisement

JOM

, Volume 50, Issue 12, pp 8–16 | Cite as

Pre-Columbian metalworking in peru—Ornamental and ceremonial objects from the royal tombs of Sipán

  • Gerhard Hörz
  • Monika Kallfass
Archaeotechnology Feature

Keywords

Peru Gold Film North Coast Thin Gold Film Ceremonial Center 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J.H. Rowe, “Stages and Periods in Archaeological Interpretation,” Southwestern J. of Anthropology, 18 (1962), pp. 1–27.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.H. Rowe and D. Menzel, “Introduction,” Peruvian Archaeology, Selected Readings, ed. J.H. Rowe and D. Menzel (Palo Alto, CA: Peek Publications, 1967).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H.J. Prem, Geschichte Alt-Amerikas (München, Germany: R. Oldenbourg Verlag, 1989).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Schulze-Thulin, Amerika-Abteilung (Stuttgart, Germany: Linden-Museum, 1989).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C.B. Donnan, Ceramics of Ancient Peru (Los Angeles, CA: Fowler Museum of Cultural History, University of Los Angeles, 1992).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Masuda and I. Shimada, “Ökologie und Zivilisation im Zentralen Andenraum,” Sican—Ein Fürstengrab in Alt-Peru (Zürich, Switzerland: Museum Rietberg, 1997), pp. 14–31.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E.K. de Bock, Moche, Gods, Warriors, Priests (Leiden, Netherlands: SMD Informatief Spruyt, van Mantgem and De Does bv, 1988), pp. 5–11.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Jones, “Precolumbian Gold,” El Dorado. The Gold of Ancient Columbia (New York: Center of Interamerican Relations and the American Federation of Arts, 1974).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Jones, “Mochica Works of Art in Metal: A Review,” Pre-Columbian Metallurgy, ed. E.P. Benson (Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collections, 1979), pp. 53–104.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Jones, “Introduction,” The Art of Precolumbian Gold. The Jan Mitchel Collection, ed. J. Jones (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1985), pp. 11,12.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Lechtman, “Traditions and Styles in Central Andean Metalworking,” The Beginning of the Use of the Metals and Alloys, ed. R. Maddin (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1988), pp. 344–378.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Lechtman, “Pre-Columbian Surface Metallurgy,” Sci. American, 250 (1984), pp. 38–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A.D. Tushingham, U.M. Franklin, and C. Toogood, “Studies in Ancient Peruvian Metalworking,” An Investigation of Objects from the Museo Oro del Peru Exhibited in Canada in 1976–1977 under the Title “Gold for Gods” (Toronto, Canada: Royal Ontario Museum, 1979), pp. 6–39.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. Carcedo Muro and I. Shimada, “Behind the Golden Mask: Sicán Gold Artifacts from Batán Grande, Peru,” The Art of Precolumbian Gold. The Jan Mitchel Collection, ed. J. Jones (London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1985), pp. 61–76.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Lechtman, “The Production of Copper-Arsenic Alloys in the Central Andes: Highland Ores and Coastal Smelters,” J. of Field Archaeology, 18 (1991), pp. 45–76.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Lechtman, “The Materials Science of Material Culture: Examples from the Andean Past,” Archaeology of Precolumbian Sites and Artifacts, eds. A. Scott and P. Meyers (Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute, 1994), pp. 3–12.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    W. Alva, “Discovering the New World’s Richest Tomb,” National Geographic, 174 (10) (1988), pp. 509–550.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    C.B. Donnan, “Unraveling the Mystery of the Warrior Priest,” National Geographic, 174 (10) (1988), pp. 550–555.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    W. Alva et al., “Des Fürstengrab von Sipán, Entdeckung und Restaurierung (La Tumba Del Señor De Sipán, Descubrimiento Y Restauracion)” (Mainz, Germany: Verlag des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums, 1989).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    W. Alva, “New Tomb of Royal Splendor,” National Geographic, 177 (6) (1990), pp. 2–15.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C.B. Donnan, “Masterworks of Art Reveal a Remarkable Pre-Inca World,” National Geographic, 177 (6) (1990), pp. 16–33.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    C.B. Donnan, “Royal Tombs of Sipán, Moche Ornaments of Peru,” Ornament, 17 (1) 1993), pp. 44–49, 115.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    W. Alva and C.B. Donnan, “Royal Tombs of Sipán” (Los Angeles: Fowler Museum of Cultural History, University of Los Angeles, 1993).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    F.-W. von Hase, “La Tombe Princiere de Sipán,” Archéologie Nouvelle, 2 (4,5) (1994), pp. 58–63.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Kallfass and G. Hörz, “Metallographic Investigation of Ornamental and Ceremonial Objects from the Royal Tombs of Sipán/Peru. Part 1: Introduction, Sample Preparation and Methods of Investigation-Studies on Copper Objects (Coffin Straps, Spacer Bars of a Beaded Pectoral),” Prakt. Metallogr./Pract. Metallogr., 31 (1994), pp. 603–649.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    H. Lechtman, “A Pre-Columbian Technique for Electrochemical Replacement Gilding of Gold and Silver on Objects of Copper,” J. of Metals, 31 (12) (1979), pp. 154–160.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    H. Lechtman, “New Perspectives on Moche Metallurgy Techniques of Gilding Copper at Loma Negra, Northern Peru,” American Antiquity, 47 (2) (1982), pp. 3–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    F.H. Reid and W. Goldie, Gold als Oberfläche. Technisches und Dekoratives Vergolden. Verfahren, Anwendung, Bearbeiten der Schichten, Eigenschaften und Prüfung (Saulgau: Eugen G. Leuze Verlag, 1982), pp. 85–90 (revised and extended version of Gold Plating Technology).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    ASM Handbook, Vol. 3, Alloy Phase Diagrams (Materials Park, OH: ASM, 1992).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    ASM Handbook, Vol. 6, Welding, Brazing, and Soldering (Materials Park, OH: ASM, 1993).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    H. Lechtman, L.A. Parson, and W.J. Young, “Seven Matched Hollow Gold Jaguars from Peru’s Early Horizon,” Ecology and the Arts in Ancient Panama, On the Development of Social Rank and Symbolism in the Central Provinces, ed. O.F. Linares (Washington D.C.: Dumbarton Oakes, Trustees for Harvard University, 1975), pp. 7–45.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© TMS 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Hörz
    • 1
  • Monika Kallfass
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck Institut für MetallforschungStuttgartGermany

Personalised recommendations