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Multilayer Porous Three-Dimensional PM Composite Unbonded Paper Fiber Improves Electrochemical Properties of Nano-Si

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To improve the electrochemical performance of Si-based lithium ion batteries, a novel multilayer microporous three-dimensional porous carbon nanosheet (PC)/multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) (PM) composite unbonded paper fiber current collector was used to replace copper foil. PM combines the advantages of PC and MWCNTs. MWCNTs provide a good conductive path that promotes electron transport and maintains structural integrity. The three-dimensional interconnected structure of one-dimensional MWCNTs combined with two-dimensional porous PC facilitates rapid electrical/ion transport and good electrolyte penetration. Moreover, PM has a tiny nanostructure. PM is filled, adsorbed and aggregated in the surface of the paper fiber and the gaps between the paper fiber and the paper fiber, which acts to connect the paper fibers and the carrier. The paper fiber has a natural non-agglomerate advantage so that PM/paper fiber (PMP) shows excellent physical properties. The initial coulombic efficiency of the Si-PMP electrode reached 69.3% and maintained a specific discharge capacity of 755 mAh/g at a current density of 0.08 A/g with a capacity retention ratio of 65.2% after 200 cycles.

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This study was supported by Jiangxi Scientific Fund (20142BBE50071) and Jiangxi Education Fund (KJLD13006).

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Correspondence to Xiaogang Sun.

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Xu, Y., Sun, X., Wei, C. et al. Multilayer Porous Three-Dimensional PM Composite Unbonded Paper Fiber Improves Electrochemical Properties of Nano-Si. JOM (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-020-04055-1

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