, Volume 71, Issue 2, pp 729–736 | Cite as

Characterization of Cavity Oscillation and Splashing Distribution Under Excitation by Bottom Gas Blowing in a Steelmaking Converter

  • Mingming LiEmail author
  • Qiang Li
  • Zongshu Zou
  • Baokuan Li
CFD Modeling and Simulation in Materials Processing


The cavity oscillation and splash characteristics dominate the operational stability and refining efficiency in converter steelmaking processes. These characteristics under excitation by bottom gas blowing in a steelmaking converter were evaluated using a developed filter-based multifluid model. The cavity oscillation mechanism was examined by reference to cavity surface flows, and its characteristics were quantified in terms of frequency and amplitude using the fast Fourier transform approach. The splashing distribution describing the splashing droplet size and rate under various operating conditions was clarified. The results reveal that the cavity oscillation and splashing distribution are mainly controlled by the cavity surface flow velocity, which itself is influenced by the operating conditions. Use of bottom gas blowing intensifies the cavity oscillation in terms of both frequency and amplitude, and increases the splashing rate, but decreases the droplet size by accelerating the cavity surface flow. The lance height plays a dominant role in forming the cavity oscillation and controlling the splashing distribution.



The authors are grateful for financial support from the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (N172503014).


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mingming Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Qiang Li
    • 1
  • Zongshu Zou
    • 1
  • Baokuan Li
    • 1
  1. 1.School of MetallurgyNortheastern UniversityShenyangPeople’s Republic of China

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