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Energetic Ion Irradiation-Induced Disordered Nanochannels for Fast Ion Conduction

  • Ritesh Sachan
  • Matthew F. Chisholm
  • Xin Ou
  • Yanwen Zhang
  • William J. Weber
Advancement in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Research
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

Atomically disordered oxides are seen as suitable candidate for fast oxygen conduction due to their remarkable enhancement in oxygen diffusivity compared with ordered oxides. In particular, disordered derivatives of pyrochlore-structured oxides (A2B2O7) are seen as an interesting prospect due to the intrinsic existence of oxygen vacancies in their lattice. Using energetic ion irradiation, we demonstrated fabrication of structurally disordered nanoscale channels in A2B2O7 (A = Gd, Yb; B = Ti, Zr) that act as selective pathways for fast oxygen conduction. Atomic-level characterization revealed that the amorphous core and surrounding defect-fluorite phase in the nanochannels exhibited distorted and differently coordinated Ti-O polyhedra, with very similar electronic structure. The formation of defect-fluorite structure is facilitated by a decrease in the difference between the ionic radii of A- and B-site cations in the lattice.

Notes

Acknowledgements

R.S. acknowledges the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), USA, for the award of an NRC research fellowship. This research was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Science and Engineering Division under Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725. We acknowledge that the 55-MeV I ion irradiation was performed at the Ion Beam Center of Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf.

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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Science DivisionArmy Research OfficeResearch Triangle ParkUSA
  2. 2.Material Science and Technology DivisionOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  3. 3.State Key Laboratory of Functional Material for Informatics, Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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