pp 1–8 | Cite as

Removal of Antimony and Bismuth from Copper Electrorefining Electrolyte: Part II—An Investigation of Two Proprietary Solvent Extraction Extractants

  • Andrew Artzer
  • Michael Moats
  • Jack Bender
Solution Purification Technology


Antimony and bismuth recovery from copper electrorefining electrolyte could reduce the impacts of these problem elements and produce a new primary source for them. Two proprietary phosphonic acid ester extractants were examined (REX-1 and REX-2) for the removal of antimony and bismuth from copper electrorefining electrolytes. Experimentation included shakeout and break tests to determine the basic parameters for the extractants in terms of maximum loading, break times, and extraction and stripping efficiency. Five permutations of extractant mixtures (100 wt.% REX-1 and 25 wt.%, 50 wt.%, 75 wt.% and 100 wt.% REX-2) were studied. It was determined that REX-2 was able to extract Sb and Bi from the electrolyte, but required some mixture with REX-1 to better facilitate stripping with 400 g/L sulfuric acid. The laboratory electrorefining electrolyte containing glue had faster disengagement times than a synthetic solution without glue.



Funding was provided by BASF.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials Research CenterMissouri S&TRollaUSA
  2. 2.BASF Mining ChemicalsTucsonUSA

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