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JOM

, Volume 70, Issue 10, pp 1946–1957 | Cite as

An Eco-Friendly System for the Production of Value-Added Materials from Dairy Manure

  • Donna Post GuillenEmail author
  • Erik R. Coats
  • Armando G. McDonald
  • Kevin Feris
Characterization of Green Materials

Abstract

A concept is outlined for the production of materials/commodities from a polluting waste. A preliminary evaluation is presented for a proposed integrated dairy farm manure management system consisting of a two-stage anaerobic digester coupled with a polyhydroxyalkanoate reactor, algae cultivation system (ACS) and a biomass treatment system, such as fast-pyrolysis or hydrothermal liquefaction, to sequester carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus into value-added products (e.g., bioplastics, biogas, fertilizer, soil amendment and livestock bedding) rather than releasing them into the environment. Mass flows through the system are presented for a 10,000-cow dairy. The integrated manure treatment system can reduce the amount of nitrogen and phosphorus released from the manure by 50.9% and 38.1%, respectively. Without an ACS, the reduction drops to 19% and 27%, respectively. Greenhouse gas emissions can potentially be reduced by 44,200 MT CO2e/year over the referenced open lot dairy.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding for this research was provided by USDA NIFA award number 2012-68002-19952. This work was performed by Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC under DOE Idaho Operations Office Contract DE-AC07-05ID14517.

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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and its text is not subject to copyright protection in the United States; however, its text may be subject to foreign copyright protection 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donna Post Guillen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Erik R. Coats
    • 2
  • Armando G. McDonald
    • 2
  • Kevin Feris
    • 3
  1. 1.Idaho National LaboratoryIdaho FallsUSA
  2. 2.University of IdahoMoscowUSA
  3. 3.Boise State UniversityBoiseUSA

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