Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Effect of Compaction Pressure and Magnesium Weight Fraction on Hardness of Recycled-Polystyrene Matrix Composite

  • 233 Accesses

Abstract

Magnesium (Mg) reinforced recycled-polystyrene (PS) matrix composites were fabricated through solution blending followed by compaction under different pressures (i.e., 6 MPa, 10 MPa, 60 MPa, and 100 MPa). The hardness of the composites initially increased and then decreased with the increase of the Mg weight fraction from 0 wt.% to 83.3 wt.%. The composite with 80 wt.% Mg exhibited the maximum hardness, which increased by 150% compared with that of PS. For each Mg weight fraction, there was an optimal compaction pressure that led to the highest hardness. Theoretical predictions of the hardness agreed with the experimental values through adjusting the reinforcement efficiency.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  1. 1.

    B. Abu Saleh, Y. Ramadin, A. Zihlif, and Z. Elimat, J. Thermoplast. Compos. Mater. 29, 204 (2016).

  2. 2.

    Z. Elimat, F. AL-Aqrabawi, T.A. Hazeem, Y. Ramadin, and A. Zihlif, Int. J. Thermophys. 34, 2009 (2013).

  3. 3.

    M. Iqbal, G. Mamoor, T. Bashir, M. Irfan, and M. Manzoor, J. Chem. Eng. 25, 61 (2010).

  4. 4.

    J. Liu, Y. Zhang, Z. Yu, W. Yang, J. Luo, B. Pan, and C. Lu, Polym. Compos. 37, 746 (2016).

  5. 5.

    H.S. Vaziri, M. Abadyan, M. Nouri, I.A. Omaraei, Z. Sadredini, and M. Ebrahimnia, J. Mater. Sci. 46, 5628 (2011).

  6. 6.

    H.-D. Jung, H.S. Park, M.-H. Kang, S.-M. Lee, H.-E. Kim, Y. Estrin, and Y.-H. Koh, Mater. Lett. 116, 20 (2014).

  7. 7.

    S.C. Cifuentes, E. Frutos, J.L. González-Carrasco, M. Muñoz, M. Multigner, J. Chao, R. Benavente, and M. Lieblich, Mater. Lett. 74, 239 (2012).

  8. 8.

    R.V. Kumar, Y. Koltypin, O. Palchik, and A. Gedanken, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 86, 160 (2002).

  9. 9.

    X. Cheng, S.C. Tjong, Q. Zhao, and R.K. Li, J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 47, 4547 (2009).

  10. 10.

    U.M. Bhatta, D. Khushalani, and P. Satyam, Bull. Mater. Sci. 34, 595 (2011).

  11. 11.

    Q. Li and B. Tian, Mater. Lett. 67, 81 (2012).

  12. 12.

    Q. Li and B. Tian, J. Mater. Res. 28, 1877 (2013).

  13. 13.

    N. Zou and Q. Li, J. Mater. Sci. 51, 5232 (2016).

  14. 14.

    Q. Li, Mater. Lett. 133, 83 (2014).

  15. 15.

    Q. Li, Mater. Des. 89, 978 (2016).

  16. 16.

    H. Xu, N. Zou, and Q. Li, JOM 69, 1236 (2017).

  17. 17.

    H. Xu and Q. Li, Mater. Sci. Eng., A 706, 249 (2017).

  18. 18.

    H. Cay, H. Xu, and Q. Li, Mater. Sci. Eng., A 574, 137 (2013).

  19. 19.

    R. Varin, A. Ruutopold, and Z. Wronski, Polym. Compos. 12, 404 (1991).

  20. 20.

    W. Dale and C. Rogers, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 16, 21 (1972).

  21. 21.

    A. Singha and R.K. Rana, Bull. Mater. Sci. 36, 1207 (2013).

  22. 22.

    J. Rieger, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim. 46, 965 (1996).

  23. 23.

    G. Ramarathnam, M. Libertucci, M.M. Sadowski, and T.H. North, Weld. J. (NY) 71, 483 (1992).

  24. 24.

    Y. Ou, F. Yang, and Z.Z. Yu, J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 36, 789 (1998).

  25. 25.

    S.-Y. Fu, X.-Q. Feng, B. Lauke, and Y.-W. Mai, Compos. B 39, 933 (2008).

  26. 26.

    G. Li, J.E. Helms, S.S. Pang, and K. Schulz, Polym. Compos. 22, 593 (2001).

  27. 27.

    M. Kuo, C. Tsai, J. Huang, and M. Chen, Mater. Chem. Phys. 90, 185 (2005).

  28. 28.

    J. Liang and R. Li, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 83, 127 (1998).

  29. 29.

    B.A. Ibrahim and K.M. Kadum, Mod. Appl. Sci. 4, 157 (2010).

  30. 30.

    H. Dieringa, J. Mater. Sci. 46, 289 (2010).

  31. 31.

    M. Gupta and S.N.M. Ling, Magnesium, Magnesium alloys, and Magnesium Composites (Hoboken: Wiley, 2011).

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge financial support from the National Science Foundation under Award No. 1449607.

Author information

Correspondence to Qizhen Li.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zou, N., Li, Q. Effect of Compaction Pressure and Magnesium Weight Fraction on Hardness of Recycled-Polystyrene Matrix Composite. JOM 70, 1454–1458 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-018-2980-3

Download citation