Mesoscale Evaluation of Titanium Silicide Monolayer as a Cathode Host Material in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
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Two-dimensional materials are competitive candidates as cathode materials in lithium–sulfur batteries for immobilizing soluble polysulfides and mitigating the shuttle effect. In this study, a mesoscale modeling approach, which combines first-principles simulation and kinetic Monte Carlo simulation, is employed to evaluate titanium silicide (Ti2Si and TiSi2) monolayers as potential host materials in lithium–sulfur batteries. It is found that the Ti2Si monolayer has much stronger affinities to Li2S x (x = 1, 2, 4) molecules than does the TiSi2 monolayer. Also, Ti2Si can facilitate the dissociation of long-chain Li2S4 to LiS2. On the other hand, TiSi2 can only provide a weak chemical interaction for trapping soluble Li2S4. Therefore, the Ti2Si monolayer can be considered to be the next-generation cathode material for lithium–sulfur batteries. Nevertheless, the strong interaction between Ti2Si and Li2S also causes fast surface passivation. How to control the Li2S precipitation on Ti2Si should be answered by future studies.
The information, data, or work presented herein was funded in part by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), U.S. Department of Energy, under Award DEEE0006832. Supercomputer resources provided by the Texas A&M University High Performance Computer Center are gratefully acknowledged.
- 26.W. Tang, E. Sanville, and G. Henkelman, J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21, 084204 (2009).Google Scholar