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JOM

, Volume 65, Issue 4, pp 481–488 | Cite as

Materials Science Challenges in Radiocarbon Dating: The Case of Archaeological Plasters

  • Elisabetta Boaretto
  • Kristin M. PoduskaEmail author
Article

Abstract

Structural, compositional, and isotopic characterization techniques are critically important to help identify pristine materials that are suitable for accurate and precise radiocarbon dating. Lime plasters, cements, and mortars are ideal materials for establishing firm and secure dates in the archaeological record as human-constructed living surfaces and installations. However, the often complex composite structures of plasters and their susceptibility to diagenetic processes have impeded the development of a reliable and reproducible method to identify the best specimens for dating. In this article we present an overview of the plaster production process and the radiocarbon dating method. We explain how material characterization techniques and radiocarbon dating can be integrated to make progress toward the ultimate goal of relating radiocarbon concentrations with environmental, sample preparation, and/or diagenetic conditions in which the plaster existed. A key aspect of this strategy relies on implementing material characterization techniques in the field, during an excavation, to help establish the archaeological context in which datable material is recovered.

Keywords

Calcite Diagenesis Calcium Carbonate Radiocarbon Date Archaeological Record 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding from Natural Science and Engineering Resource Council (NSERC) Canada (KMP). We also acknowledge the Kimmel Center for Archaeological Science at the Weizmann Institute of Science for providing an exciting meeting point for science and archaeology.

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Copyright information

© TMS 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Weizmann Institute Max Planck Center for Integrative Archaeology, D-REAMS Radiocarbon LaboratoryWeizmann Institute of ScienceRehovotIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Physics and Physical OceanographyMemorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John’sCanada

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