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JOM

, Volume 63, Issue 4, pp 100–104 | Cite as

Design considerations for developing biodegradable and bioabsorbable magnesium implants

  • Harpreet S. Brar
  • Benjamin G. Keselowsky
  • Malisa Sarntinoranont
  • Michele V. Manuel
Biomedical Applications of Magnesium Overview

Abstract

The integration of biodegradable and bioabsorbable magnesium implants into the human body is a complex undertaking that faces major challenges. Candidate biomaterials must meet both engineering and physiological requirements to ensure the desired properties. Historically, efforts have been focused on the behavior of commercial magnesium alloys in biological environments and their resultant effect on cell-mediated processes. Developing causal relationships between alloy chemistry and microstructure, and effects as a cellular behavior can be a difficult and time-intensive process. A systems design approach has the power to provide significant contributions in the development of the next generation of magnesium alloy implants with controlled degradability, biocompatibility, and optimized mechanical properties, at reduced time and cost. This approach couples experimental research with theory and mechanistic modeling for the accelerated development of materials. The aim of this article is to enumerate this strategy, design considerations, and hurdles for developing new cast magnesium alloys for use as biodegradable implant materials.

Keywords

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Magnesium Alloy Pourbaix Diagram Advance Engineer Material Cast Magnesium Alloy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© TMS 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harpreet S. Brar
    • 1
  • Benjamin G. Keselowsky
    • 2
  • Malisa Sarntinoranont
    • 3
  • Michele V. Manuel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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