JOM

, Volume 61, Issue 9, pp 31–34 | Cite as

Magnesium as a biodegradable and bioabsorbable material for medical implants

  • Harpreet S. Brar
  • Manu O. Platt
  • Malisa Sarntinoranont
  • Peter I. Martin
  • Michele V. Manuel
Biomedical Materials and Devices Overview

Abstract

For many years, stainless steel, cobalt-chromium, and titanium alloys have been the primary biomaterials used for load-bearing applications. However, as the need for structural materials in temporary implant applications has grown, materials that provide short-term structural support and can be reabsorbed into the body after healing are being sought. Since traditional metallic biomaterials are typically biocompatible but not biodegradable, the potential for magnesium-based alloys in biomedical applications has gained more interest. This paper summarizes the history and current status of magnesium as a bioabsorbable implant material. Also discussed is the development of a magnesium-zinc-calcium alloy that demonstrates promising degradation behavior.

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Copyright information

© TMS 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harpreet S. Brar
    • 1
  • Manu O. Platt
    • 2
  • Malisa Sarntinoranont
    • 3
  • Peter I. Martin
    • 1
  • Michele V. Manuel
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Science and Engineering DepartmentUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical EngineeringGeorgia Tech and Emory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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