JOM

, 60:23 | Cite as

Structural biological materials: Overview of current research

  • P. -Y. Chen
  • A. Y. -M. Lin
  • A. G. Stokes
  • Y. Seki
  • S. G. Bodde
  • J. McKittrick
  • M. A. Meyers
Overview Biological Materials Science

Abstract

Through specific biological examples this article illustrates the complex designs that have evolved in nature to address strength, toughness, and weight optimization. Current research is reviewed, and the structure of some shells, bones, antlers, crab exoskeletons, and avian feathers and beaks is described using the principles of materials science and engineering by correlating the structure with mechanical properties. In addition, the mechanisms of deformation and failure are discussed.

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Copyright information

© TMS 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. -Y. Chen
    • 1
  • A. Y. -M. Lin
    • 1
  • A. G. Stokes
    • 1
  • Y. Seki
    • 1
  • S. G. Bodde
    • 1
  • J. McKittrick
    • 1
  • M. A. Meyers
    • 1
  1. 1.University of California at San DiegoSan DiegoUSA

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