MeJA is more effective than JA in inducing defense responses in Larix olgensis
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The roles of jasmonic acid (JA) and methyl jasmonate (MeJA) in improving the inducible resistance of plants to biotic and abiotic stimuli/stresses have been well investigated. However, the differences in inducing effects between exogenous applications of JA and MeJA are poorly understood. In this study, we compared the inducing effects of exogenous spray applications of 0.1 mmol/L JA and MeJA onto four un-bagged lateral branches on defense response of Larix olgensis seedlings against the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar). The bio-activities of three major defense enzymes (SOD, PAL, and PPO) plus two protease inhibitors (TI and CI) of the unsprayed larch seedling needles, and the growth, development and reproductive capacity of the gypsy moth were examined. The results show that partial spray of JA or MeJA on L. olgensis seedlings significantly increased the bio-activities of SOD, PAL, PPO, TI, and CI (P < 0.05), and strongly decreased the larval/pupal weights and survivals, as well as the fecundity of L. dispar that fed on the seedlings relative to the control. However, the MeJA treatment showed quicker inductive effects on SOD and PAL activities; longer and more significant effects on PPO, TI, and CI activities; better inhibitory effects on the larval/pupal weights and survivals, as well as the fecundity of L. dispar than did the JA treatment. Comparatively, MeJA in the current study showed stronger effects on inducing systemic resistance to the defoliator (L. dispar) in L. olgensis than did JA.
KeywordsInduced resistance Local spray Jasmonic acid Methyl jasmonate
This research was supported by Special Fund for Scientific Research in the Public Interest (200904021).
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