Arthropod-Plant Interactions

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 243–247 | Cite as

Charles D. Michener (1918–2015): a life among the bees

  • Michael S. Engel
Original Paper

There is perhaps no biological association more familiar than that of bees and flowers. The intimate tie between flowering plants and their bee pollinators is also among the most critical of such affiliations, forming the foundation for healthy ecosystems worldwide (Free 1993; Roubik 1995; Matheson et al. 1996; Kearns et al. 1998; Michener 2007a). Within the first week of November 2015, the world said farewell to two titans of biological research, each with substantial and lengthy careers dedicated to reciprocal sides of the bee–flower story—floral ecologist Stefan Vogel (1925–2015) and melittologist Charles D. Michener (1918–2015). Claßen-Bockhoff (2017) provides a review of Vogel’s influential career, while that of Michener is briefly discussed here. Recently, several panegyrics of Michener’s life and work have appeared (Engel 2015, 2016a, b; Breed 2016), and an autobiographical piece appeared in the Annual Review of Entomology (Michener 2007b: see also published interview by; Gould 2015...


American Museum Chigger Mite Nest Biology North American Fauna Megachile Rotundata 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



I am grateful to Isabel Alves dos Santos for the invitation to provide this brief retrospective of Mich’s life and work, and to an anonymous reviewer for their helpful comments. Most importantly, I am grateful to Mich and his exemplary life – may we all be so bold and similarly so humble.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Entomology, Natural History Museum, and Department of Ecology & Evolutionary BiologyUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA
  2. 2.Division of Invertebrate ZoologyAmerican Museum of Natural HistoryNew YorkUSA

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